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American singer, songwriter and actress

Beyoncé Giselle Knowles-Carter (; born September 4, 1981) is an American singer, songwriter, and actress. Born and raised in,, Beyoncé performed in various singing and dancing competitions as a child. She rose to fame in the late 1990s as lead singer of the. Managed by her father,, the group became one of the world's in history. Their hiatus saw Beyoncé's theatrical film debut in (2002) and the release of her debut album, (2003). The album established her as a solo artist worldwide, debuting at yearly salary of a photographer number one on the US chart and earning five Grammy Awards, and featured the number one singles "" and "".

Following the break-up of Destiny's Child in 2006, she released her second solo album, (2006), which contained her fourth number one single, "", as well as the top ten singles "", and "". Beyoncé also continued her acting career, with starring roles in (2006), (2006), and (2009). Her marriage to rapper and portrayal of in (2008) influenced her third album, (2008), which saw the introduction of her alter-ego Sasha Fierce and earned a record-setting in 2010, including for "". Beyoncé took a hiatus from music in 2010 and took over management of her career; her fourth album (2011) was subsequently mellower in tone, exploring 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s. Her critically acclaimed, released in 2013 with no prior announcement, was distinguished from previous releases by its experimental production and exploration of darker themes. Her sixth album, (2016), also received widespread critical acclaim, with many referring to it as her most personal and political work to date, and subsequently became the best-selling album of 2016. She released, her seventh album, a collaboration with husband Jay-Z as in 2018.

Throughout her career, Beyoncé has sold over 100 million records worldwide, making her one of the. She has won 22 and is the most nominated woman in the award's history. She is also the most awarded artist at the, with 24 wins, including the. The recognized Beyoncé as the Top Certified Artist in America, during the 2000s decade. In 2009, named her the Top Radio Songs Artist of the Decade, the Top Female Artist of the 2000s decade, and awarded her their Millennium Award in 2011. In 2014, she became the highest-paid black musician in history and was listed among 's 100 most influential people in the world for a second year in a row. ranked her as the most powerful female in entertainment on their 2015 and 2017 lists, and in 2016 she occupied the sixth place for Time's. With the release of Lemonade, Beyoncé became the first and only musical act in Billboard chart history to debut at number one with their first six solo studio albums.

Contents

Early life

Beyoncé Giselle Knowles was born in, Texas, to (née Beyincé), a hairdresser and salon owner, and, a sales manager. Beyoncé's name is a tribute to her mother's maiden name. Beyoncé's younger sister is also a singer and a former backup dancer for. Solange and Beyoncé are the first sisters to have both had No. 1 albums. Mathew is, while Tina is of descent (African, Native American, and French). Through her mother, Beyoncé is a descendant of leader. Beyoncé attended St. Mary's Montessori School in Houston, where she enrolled in dance classes. Her singing talent was discovered when dance instructor Darlette Johnson began humming a song and she finished it, able to hit the high-pitched notes. Beyoncé's interest in music and performing continued after winning a school talent show at age seven, singing 's "" to beat 15/16-year-olds. In fall of 1990, Beyoncé enrolled in Parker Elementary School, a music in Houston, where she would perform with the school's choir. She also attended the and later. Beyoncé was also a member of the choir at St. John's United Methodist Church as a for two years.

When Beyoncé was eight, she and childhood friend met while at an audition for an all-girl entertainment group. They were placed into a group called with three other girls, and rapped and danced on the talent show circuit in Houston. After seeing the group, producer Arne Frager brought them to his studio and placed them in, the largest talent show on national TV at the time. Girl's Tyme failed to win, and Beyoncé later said the song they performed was not good. In 1995 Beyoncé's father resigned from his job to manage the group. The move reduced Beyoncé's family's income by half, and her parents were forced to move into separated apartments. Mathew cut the original line-up to four and the group continued performing as an opening act for other established R&B girl groups. The girls auditioned before record labels and were finally signed to, moving to briefly to work on their first recording, only to be cut by the company. This put further strain on the family, and Beyoncé's parents separated. On October 5, 1995, 's Grass Roots Entertainment signed the group. In 1996, the girls began recording their debut album under an agreement with Sony Music, the Knowles family reunited, and shortly after, the group got a contract with.

Career

1997–2002: Destiny's Child

Main article:

The group changed their name to Destiny's Child in 1996, based upon a passage in the. In 1997, Destiny's Child released their major label debut song "Killing Time" on the soundtrack to the 1997 film,. The following year, the group released their, scoring their first major hit "". The album established the group as a viable act in the music industry, with moderate sales and winning the group three Soul Train Lady of Soul Awards for Best R&B/Soul Album of the Year, Best R&B/Soul or Rap New Artist, and Best R&B/Soul Single for "No, No, No". The group released their Multi-Platinum second album in 1999. The record features some of the group's most widely known songs such as "", the group's first number-one single, "" and "", which became their most successful song at the time, and would remain one of their signature songs. "Say My Name" won the and the at the.The Writing's on the Wall sold more than eight million copies worldwide. During this time, Beyoncé recorded a duet with, an original member of, on the song "After All Is Said and Done" for the soundtrack to the 1999 film,.

and Roberson became unhappy with Mathew's managing of the band and eventually were replaced by and. Beyoncé experienced following the split with Luckett and Roberson after being publicly blamed by the media, critics, and blogs for its cause. Her long-standing boyfriend left her at this time. The depression was so severe it lasted for a couple of years, during which she occasionally kept herself in her bedroom for days and refused to eat anything. Beyoncé stated that she struggled to speak about her depression because Destiny's Child had just won their first, and she feared no one would take her seriously. Beyoncé would later speak of her mother as the person who helped her fight it. Franklin was then dismissed, leaving just Beyoncé, Rowland, and Williams.

The remaining band members recorded "", which appeared on the soundtrack to the 2000 film. It became their best-charting single, topping the U.S. chart for eleven consecutive weeks. In early 2001, while Destiny's Child was completing their third album, Beyoncé landed a major role in the MTV made-for-television film,, starring alongside American actor. Set in, the film is a modern interpretation of the 19th-century opera by French composer. When the third album was released in May 2001, Luckett and Roberson filed a lawsuit claiming that the songs were aimed at them. The album debuted at number one on the U.S., with first-week sales of 663,000 copies sold. The album spawned other number-one hits, "" and the title track, "", the latter of which earned the group a Grammy Award for Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals. After releasing their holiday album in October 2001, the group announced a hiatus to further pursue solo careers.

In July 2002, Beyoncé continued her acting career playing alongside in the comedy film, which spent its first weekend atop the US box office and grossed  million. Beyoncé released "" as the lead single from its soundtrack album which entered the top ten in the UK, Norway, and Belgium. In 2003, Beyoncé starred opposite, in the musical comedy as Lilly, a single mother with whom Gooding's character falls in love. The film received mixed reviews from critics but grossed  million in the U.S. Beyoncé released "" as the lead single from the film's soundtrack album, with,, and which was also used to promote the film. Another of Beyoncé's contributions to the soundtrack, "Summertime", fared better on the US charts.

2003–2007: Dangerously in Love and B'Day

A woman, flanked by two male dancers, holds a microphone in one hand as she dances

Beyoncé's first solo recording was a feature on 's "" that was released in October 2002, peaking at number four on the U.S. Hot 100 chart. Her first solo album was released on June 24, 2003, after Michelle Williams and Kelly Rowland had released their solo efforts. The album sold 317,000 copies in its first week, debuted atop the Billboard 200, and has since sold 11 million copies worldwide. The album's, "Crazy in Love", featuring, became Beyoncé's first number-one single as a solo artist in the US. The single "" also reached number one, and singles, "" and "", both reached the top-five. The album earned Beyoncé a then record-tying five awards at the ;, for "", Best R&B Song and for "Crazy in Love", and for "" with. During the ceremony, she performed with.

A woman stands with a microphone

In November 2003, she embarked on the in Europe and later toured alongside Missy Elliott and for the in North America. On February 1, 2004, Beyoncé performed the at, at the in. After the release of Dangerously in Love, Beyoncé had planned to produce a follow-up album using several of the left-over tracks. However, this was put on hold so she could concentrate on recording, the final studio album by Destiny's Child. Released on November 15, 2004, in the US and peaking at number two on the Billboard 200,Destiny Fulfilled included the singles "" and "", which reached the top five on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. Destiny's Child embarked on a worldwide concert tour, and during the last stop of their European tour, in on June 11, 2005, Rowland announced that Destiny's Child would disband following the North American leg of the tour. The group released their first on October 25, 2005, in the US and accepted a star on the in March 2006. The group has sold 60 million records worldwide.

Beyoncé's second solo album was released on September 4, 2006, in the US, to coincide with her twenty-fifth birthday. It sold 541,000 copies in its first week and debuted atop the Billboard 200, becoming Beyoncé's second consecutive number-one album in the United States. The album's lead single "", featuring Jay-Z, reached the top five on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. The second international single "" was a commercial success worldwide, reaching number one in Australia, Hungary, Ireland, New Zealand and the United States.B'Day also produced three other singles; "", "", and "" (released in the United Kingdom only).

Her first acting role of 2006 was in the comedy film starring opposite, grossing 8.8 million at the box office worldwide. Her second film , the film version of the 1981 Broadway musical loosely based on, received acclaim from critics and grossed 4 million internationally. In it, she starred opposite,, and playing a pop singer based on. To promote the film, Beyoncé released "" as the lead single from the. In April 2007, Beyoncé embarked on, her first worldwide concert tour, visiting 97 venues and grossed over  million. Beyoncé conducted pre-concert food donation drives during six major stops in conjunction with her pastor at St. John's and. At the same time, B'Day was re-released with five additional songs, including her duet with "".

2008–2010: I Am... Sasha Fierce and films

A woman stands looking out to a crowd

On April 4, 2008, Beyoncé married. She publicly revealed their marriage in a video montage at the listening party for her third studio album,, in Manhattan's Sony Club on October 22, 2008.I Am... Sasha Fierce was released on November 18, 2008, in the United States. The album formally introduces Beyoncé's Sasha Fierce, conceived during the making of her 2003 single "Crazy in Love". It was met with generally mediocre reviews from critics, but sold 482,000 copies in its first week, debuting atop the Billboard 200, and giving Beyoncé her third consecutive number-one album in the US. The album featured the number-one song "" and the top-five songs "" and "". Achieving the accomplishment of becoming her longest-running Hot 100 single in her career, "Halo"'s success in the US helped Beyoncé attain more top-ten singles on the list than any other woman during the 2000s. It also included the successful "", and singles "", "", "" and "". The music video for "Single Ladies" has been parodied and imitated around the world, spawning the "first major dance craze" of the Internet age according to the. The video has won several awards, including Best Video at the 2009, the 2009 Scottish, and the 2009. At the, the video was nominated for nine awards, ultimately winning three including Video of the Year. Its failure to win the Best Female Video category, which went to American singer 's "", and Beyoncé improvising a re-presentation of Swift's award during her own acceptance speech. In March 2009, Beyoncé embarked on the, her second headlining worldwide concert tour, consisting of 108 shows, grossing 9.5 million.

Beyoncé further expanded her acting career, starring as singer in the 2008 musical biopic. Her performance in the film received praise from critics, and she garnered several nominations for her portrayal of James, including a nomination for, and a Image Award nomination for. Beyoncé donated her entire salary from the film to Phoenix House, an organization of rehabilitation centers for addicts around the country. On January 20, 2009, Beyoncé performed James' "" at First Couple and 's first inaugural ball. Beyoncé starred opposite and in the thriller,. She played Sharon Charles, a mother and wife whose family is threatened by her husband's. Although the film received negative reviews from critics, the movie did well at the US box office, grossing million— million more than Cadillac Records—on a budget of  million. The fight scene finale between Sharon and the character played by Ali Larter also won the 2010.

At the, Beyoncé received ten nominations, including for I Am... Sasha Fierce, for "Halo", and for "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)", among others. She tied with for most Grammy nominations in a single year by a female artist. Beyoncé went on to win six of those nominations, she previously tied in 2004 for the most Grammy awards won in a single night by a female artist with six. In 2010, Beyoncé was featured on 's single "" and appeared in its music video. The song topped the US chart, becoming the sixth number-one for both Beyoncé and Gaga, tying them with for most number-ones since the Top 40 airplay chart launched in 1992. "Telephone" received a Grammy Award nomination for.

Beyoncé announced a hiatus from her music career in January 2010, heeding her mother's advice, "to live life, to be inspired by things again". During the break she and her father parted ways as business partners. Beyoncé's musical break lasted nine months and saw her visit multiple European cities, the, the, Australia, and various museums and ballet performances.

2011–2015: 4 and Beyoncé

The upper body of a woman is shown as she sings into a microphone Beyoncé's sound became mellower with 2011's which focused on traditional R&B styles. She performed the album during her concert residency in August 2011

On June 26, 2011, she became the first solo female artist to headline the main Pyramid stage at the in over twenty years. Her fourth studio album was released two days later in the US.4 sold 310,000 copies in its first week and debuted atop the Billboard 200 chart, giving Beyoncé her fourth consecutive number-one album in the US. The album was preceded by two of its singles "" and "". The fourth single "" spent seven consecutive weeks at number one on the chart, while peaking at number 20 on the Billboard Hot 100, the highest peak from the album.4 also produced four other singles; "", "", "" and "". "Eat, Play, Love", a cover story written by Beyoncé for that detailed her 2010 career break, won her a writing award from the. In late 2011, she took the stage at New York's for four nights of special performances: the 4 Intimate Nights with Beyoncé concerts saw the performance of her 4 album to a standing room only. On August 1, 2011, the album was certified platinum by the (RIAA), having shipped 1 million copies to retail stores. By December 2015, it reached sales of 1.5 million copies in the US. The album reached one billion streams on February 5, 2018, making Beyoncé the first female artist to have three of their albums surpass one billion streams on the platform.

On January 7, 2012, Beyoncé gave birth to her first child, a daughter, Blue Ivy Carter, at in New York. Five months later, she at 's Ovation Hall to celebrate the resort's opening, her first performances since giving birth to Blue Ivy.

In January 2013, Destiny's Child released, a compilation album of the romance-themed songs from their previous albums and a newly recorded track, "Nuclear". Beyoncé performed the American national anthem singing along with a pre-recorded track at President Obama's in Washington, D.C. The following month, Beyoncé performed at the, held at the in. The performance stands as the second most tweeted about moment in history at 268,000 tweets per minute. At the, Beyoncé won for for "Love on Top". Her feature-length documentary film,, first aired on on February 16, 2013. The film was co-directed by Beyoncé herself.

Beyoncé embarked on on April 15 in, ; the tour included 132 dates that ran through to March 2014. It became the most successful tour of her career and one of the most successful tours of all time. In May, Beyoncé's cover of 's "" with on was released. Beyoncé voiced Queen Tara in the film,, released by on May 24, and recorded an original song for the film, "Rise Up", co-written with.

On December 13, 2013, Beyoncé unexpectedly released her on the without any prior announcement or promotion. The album debuted atop the Billboard 200 chart, giving Beyoncé her fifth consecutive number-one album in the US. This made her the first woman in the chart's history to have her first five studio albums debut at number one.Beyoncé received critical acclaim and commercial success, selling one million digital copies worldwide in six days; Musically an - album, it concerns darker themes previously unexplored in her work, such as ", [and] the fears and insecurities of marriage and motherhood". The single "", featuring Jay-Z, peaked at number two on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. In April 2014, after much speculation, Beyoncé and Jay-Z officially announced their. It served as the couple's first co-headlining stadium tour together. On August 24, 2014, she received the at the. Beyoncé also won home three competitive awards: Best Video with a Social Message and Best Cinematography for "Pretty Hurts", as well as best collaboration for "Drunk in Love". In November, reported that Beyoncé was the top-earning woman in music for the second year in a row—earning 5 million in the year, more than double her earnings in 2013.Beyoncé was reissued with new material in three forms: as an, a, as well as a full platinum edition. According to the (IFPI), in the last 19 days of 2013, the album sold 2.3 million units worldwide, becoming the tenth best-selling album of 2013. The album also went on to become the twentieth best-selling album of 2014. As of November 2014, Beyoncé has sold over 5 million copies worldwide and has generated over 1 billion streams, as of March 2015.

At the in February 2015, Beyoncé was nominated for six awards, ultimately winning three: and for "Drunk in Love", and for Beyoncé. She was nominated for, but the award went to for his album.

2016–2017: Lemonade and collaborations

On February 6, 2016, Beyoncé released "" and its accompanying music video exclusively on the music streaming platform ; the song was made available to download for free. She performed "Formation" live for the first time during the. The appearance was considered controversial as it appeared to reference the 50th anniversary of the and the NFL forbids statements in its performances. Immediately following the performance, Beyoncé announced, which highlighted stops in both North America, and Europe. It ended on October 7, with Beyoncé bringing out her husband,, and for the last show. The tour went on to win "Tour of the Year" at the.

On April 16, 2016, Beyoncé released a teaser clip for a project called. It turned out to be a one-hour film which aired on exactly a week later; a corresponding album with the same title was released on the same day exclusively on Tidal.Lemonade debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200, making Beyoncé the first act in Billboard history to have their first six studio albums debut atop the chart; she broke a record previously tied with in 2013. With all 12 tracks of Lemonade debuting on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, Beyoncé also became the first female act to chart 12 or more songs at the same time. Additionally, Lemonade was streamed 115 million times through Tidal, setting a record for the most-streamed album in a single week by a female artist in history. It was 2016's third highest-selling album in the US with 1.554 million copies sold in that time period within the country as well as the best-selling album worldwide with global sales of 2.5 million throughout the year.

Lemonade became her most critically acclaimed work to date, receiving universal acclaim according to, a website collecting reviews from professional music critics. Several music publications included the album among the best of 2016, including, which listed Lemonade at number one. The album's visuals were nominated in 11 categories at the, the most ever received by Beyoncé in a single year, and went on to win 8 awards, including Video of the Year for "Formation". The eight wins made Beyoncé the most awarded artist in the history of the VMAs (24), surpassing Madonna (20). Beyoncé occupied the sixth place for 's 2016.

In January 2017, it was announced that Beyoncé would headline the. This would make Beyoncé only the second female headliner of the festival since it was founded in 1999. It was later announced on February 23, 2017 that Beyoncé would no longer be able to perform at the festival due to doctor's concerns regarding her pregnancy. The festival owners announced that she will instead headline the 2018 festival. Upon the announcement of Beyoncé's departure from the festival lineup, ticket prices dropped by 12%.

At the in February 2017, Lemonade led the nominations with nine, including Album, Record, and Song of the Year for Lemonade and "Formation" respectively. and ultimately won two, for Lemonade and for "Formation". Adele, upon winning her Grammy for, stated Lemonade was monumental and more deserving.

On June 13, 2017, Beyoncé gave birth to twins Rumi and Sir Carter at in. In September 2017, Beyoncé collaborated with and, to release a remix of the song "". Beyoncé donated all proceeds from the song to hurricane charities for those affected by Hurricane Harvey and Hurricane Irma in Texas, Mexico, Puerto Rico, and other Caribbean Islands.

On November 10, released "" featuring Beyoncé as the lead single from his album. On November 30, announced that Beyoncé would feature on the remix to his song "". "Perfect Duet" was released on December 1, 2017. The song reached number-one in the United States, becoming Beyoncé's sixth song of her solo career to do so.

2018: Everything Is Love

On January 4, 2018, the music video of Beyoncé and Jay-Z's collaboration, "" was released. It was directed by. On March 1, 2018, released "" as the first single from his forthcoming album Father of Asahd featuring Beyoncé, husband Jay-Z, and. The following day, Beyoncé took to to invite fans to join her on a 22-day diet plan in preparation for her upcoming performance at Coachella. On March 5, 2018, a joint tour with Knowles' husband Jay-Z, was leaked on Facebook. Information about the tour was later taken down. The couple announced the joint tour officially as on March 12 and simultaneously released a trailer for the tour on YouTube. On March 20, 2018, the couple traveled to to film a music video directed by Melina Matsoukas.

On April 14, 2018, Beyoncé played the first of two weekends as the headlining act of the. Her, attended by 125,000 festival-goers, was immediately praised, with multiple media outlets describing it as historic. The performance became the most-tweeted about performance of weekend one, as well as the most-watched live Coachella performance and the most-watched live performance on YouTube of all time. The show paid tribute to black culture, specifically and featured a live band with over 100 dancers. Destiny's Child also reunited during the show.

On June 6, 2018, Beyoncé and husband Jay-Z kicked-off the in,. Ten days later, at their final London performance, the pair unveiled, their joint studio album, credited under the name The Carters, and initially available exclusively on Tidal. The pair also released the video for the album's lead single, "", on Beyoncé's official channel. received generally positive reviews, and debuted at number two on the US, with 123,000, of which 70,000 were pure album sales. In film, Beyoncé will voice in 's, which is expected to be released on July 19, 2019.

Artistry

Voice and songwriting

With "Single Ladies", clearly I'd just gotten married, and people want to get married every day—then there was the whole thing [recreating the video] on, and it was also the year YouTube blew up. With "Irreplaceable", the aggressive lyrics, the acoustic guitar, and the —those things don't typically go together, and it sounded fresh. "Crazy in Love" was another one of those classic moments in pop culture that none of us expected. I asked Jay to get on the song the night before I had to turn my album in – thank God he did. It still never gets old, no matter how many times I sing it.

— Beyoncé

highlights her tone and timbre as particularly distinctive, describing her voice as "one of the most compelling instruments in popular music". Her vocal abilities mean she is identified as the centerpiece of Destiny's Child. Jon Pareles of commented that her voice is "velvety yet tart, with an insistent flutter and reserves of soul ". Rosen notes that the era highly influenced Beyoncé's unique rhythmic vocal style, but also finds her quite traditionalist in her use of balladry, gospel and falsetto. Other critics praise her range and power, with Chris Richards of saying she was "capable of punctuating any beat with goose-bump-inducing whispers or full-bore diva-roars."

Beyoncé's music is generally and, but she also incorporates and into her songs. 4 demonstrated Beyoncé's exploration of 1990s-style R&B, as well as further use of soul and than compared to previous releases. While she almost exclusively releases English songs, Beyoncé recorded several Spanish songs for (re-recordings of songs from B'Day for a Spanish-language audience), and the re-release of B'Day. To record these, Beyoncé was coached phonetically by American record producer Rudy Perez.

She has received co-writing credits for most of the songs recorded with Destiny's Child and her solo efforts. Her early songs were personally driven and female-empowerment themed compositions like "Independent Women" and "Survivor", but after the start of her relationship with Jay-Z, she transitioned to more man-tending anthems such as "Cater 2 U". Beyoncé has also received co-producing credits for most of the records in which she has been involved, especially during her solo efforts. However, she does not formulate herself, but typically comes up with melodies and ideas during production, sharing them with producers.

In 2001, she became the first black woman and second female lyricist to win the Pop Songwriter of the Year award at the Pop Music Awards. Beyoncé was the third woman to have writing credits on three number one songs ("Irreplaceable", "" and "Check on It") in the same year, after in 1971 and Mariah Carey in 1991. She is tied with American lyricist at third with nine song-writing credits on number-one singles. (The latter wrote her -motivated song "" for 4.) In May 2011, Billboard magazine listed Beyoncé at number 17 on their list of the "Top 20 Hot 100 Songwriters", for having co-written eight singles that hit number one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. She was one of only three women on that list, along with and.

Influences

Beyoncé names as her major musical influence. Aged five, Beyoncé attended her first ever concert where Jackson performed and she claims to have realized her purpose. When she presented him with a tribute award at the in 2006, Beyoncé said, "if it wasn't for Michael Jackson, I would never ever have performed." She admires as an "all-around entertainer" and, who she said "inspired me to get up there and do what she did." She credits 's singing and her song "" as influencing her to begin practicing vocal runs as a child. Her other musical influences include,,,,,,, and.

The feminism and female empowerment themes on Beyoncé's second solo album B'Day were inspired by her role in Dreamgirls and by singer. Beyoncé paid homage to Baker by performing "Déjà Vu" at the 2006 Fashion Rocks concert wearing Baker's trademark mini-hula skirt embellished with fake bananas. Beyoncé's third solo album I Am... Sasha Fierce was inspired by Jay-Z and especially by Etta James, whose "boldness" inspired Beyoncé to explore other musical genres and styles. Her fourth solo album, 4, was inspired by Fela Kuti,,,,,,,,,, and.

Beyoncé has stated that she is personally inspired by (the of the ), saying "She proves you can do it all" and she has described as "the definition of inspiration and a strong woman". She has also discussed how Jay-Z is a continuing inspiration to her, both with what she describes as his lyrical genius and in the obstacles he has overcome in his life. Beyoncé has expressed admiration for the artist, posting in a letter "what I find in the work of Jean-Michel Basquiat, I search for in every day in music... he is lyrical and raw". In February 2013, Beyoncé said that inspired her to take control of her own career. She commented, "I think about Madonna and how she took all of the great things she achieved and started the label and developed other artists. But there are not enough of those women.".

Music videos and stage

A woman in a yellow dress, flanked by three female dancers, salutes to the crowd

In 2006, Beyoncé introduced her all-female tour band Suga Mama (also the name of a song in B'Day) which includes bassists, drummers, guitarists, horn players, keyboardists and percussionists. Her background singers, The Mamas, consist of Montina Cooper-Donnell, Crystal Collins and Tiffany Moniqué Riddick. They made their debut appearance at the 2006 BET Awards and re-appeared in the music videos for "Irreplaceable" and "Green Light". The band have supported Beyoncé in most subsequent live performances, including her 2007 concert tour The Beyoncé Experience, 2009–2010 I Am... World Tour, 2013–2014 The Mrs. Carter Show World Tour and 2016 The Formation World Tour.

Beyoncé has received praise for her stage presence and voice during live performances. Jarett Wieselman of the placed her at number one on her list of the Five Best Singer/Dancers. According to Barbara Ellen of The Guardian Beyoncé is the most in-charge female artist she's seen onstage, while Alice Jones of wrote she "takes her role as entertainer so seriously she's almost too good." The ex-President of has described Beyoncé as the greatest entertainer alive. Jim Farber of the and Stephanie Classen of both praised her strong voice and her stage presence. Beyoncé's stage outfits have been met with criticism from many countries, such as Malaysia, where she has postponed or cancelled performances due to the country's strict laws banning revealing costumes.

Beyoncé has worked with numerous directors for her music videos throughout her career, including,, and., director of, stated that the Lemonade visuals in particular served as inspiration for his film, commenting, "You look at Beyoncé's brilliant movie Lemonade, this genre is taking on so many different forms... I do think that this very old-school break-out-into-song traditional musical is something that people understand again and really want."

Alter ego

Described as being "sexy, seductive and provocative" when performing on stage, Beyoncé has said that she originally created the alter ego "Sasha Fierce" to keep that stage persona separate from who she really is. She described Sasha as being "too aggressive, too strong, too sassy [and] too sexy", stating, "I'm not like her in real life at all." Sasha was conceived during the making of "Crazy in Love", and Beyoncé introduced her with the release of her 2008 album I Am... Sasha Fierce. In February 2010, she announced in an interview with magazine that she was comfortable enough with herself to no longer need Sasha Fierce. However, Beyoncé announced in May 2012 that she would bring her back for her Revel Presents: Beyoncé Live shows later that month.

Public image

A woman waves to the crowd on a red-carpet Beyoncé at the for her 2006 film, Dreamgirls

Beyoncé has been described as having a wide-ranging sex appeal, with music journalist writing that since the release of Dangerously in Love, she has "become a crossover sex symbol". Offstage Beyoncé says that while she likes to dress sexily, her onstage dress "is absolutely for the stage." Due to her curves and the term's catchiness, in the 2000s (decade), the media often used the term "Bootylicious" (a of the words and delicious) to describe Beyoncé, the term popularized by Destiny's Child's. In 2006, it was added to the.

In September 2010, Beyoncé made her runway modelling debut at 's Spring/Summer 2011 fashion show. She was named "" by People and the "Hottest Female Singer of All Time" by in 2012. In January 2013, placed her on its cover, featuring her atop its "100 Sexiest Women of the 21st Century" list. listed her at number 1 on its 100 Sexiest Artists list. Several of Beyoncé are found at Wax Museums in major cities around the world, including New York, Washington, D.C.,,, Hollywood and Sydney.

According to Italian fashion designer, Beyoncé uses different fashion styles to work with her music while performing. Her mother co-wrote a book, published in 2002, titled Destiny's Style an account of how fashion affected the trio's success. The showed many instances of fashion-oriented footage, depicting classic to contemporary wardrobe styles. In 2007, Beyoncé was featured on the cover of the, becoming the second African American woman after, and People magazine recognized Beyoncé as the best-dressed celebrity.

The BeyHive is the name given to Beyoncé's fan base. Fans were previously titled "The Beyontourage", (a portmanteau of Beyoncé and entourage). The name Bey Hive derives from the word, purposely misspelled to resemble her first name, and was penned by fans after petitions on the online and online news reports during competitions.

In 2006, the organization (PETA), criticized Beyoncé for wearing and using fur in her clothing line. In 2011, she appeared on the cover of French fashion magazine, in blackface and tribal makeup that drew criticism from the media. A statement released from a spokesperson for the magazine said that Beyoncé's look was "far from the glamorous Sasha Fierce" and that it was "a return to her African roots".

Beyoncé's lighter skin color and costuming has drawn criticism from some in the African-American community. Emmett Price, a professor of music at Northeastern University, wrote in 2007, that he thinks race plays a role in many of these criticisms, saying white celebrities who dress similarly do not attract as many comments. In 2008, was accused of whitening her skin in their hair color advertisements, responding that "it is categorically untrue", and in 2013, Beyoncé herself criticized H&M for their proposed "retouching" of promotional images of her, and according to requested that only "natural pictures be used".

Personal life

A woman stands next to a man who is performing using a microphone Beyoncé performing on the I Am... World Tour with Jay-Z, whom she married in 2008

Marriage and children

Beyoncé started a relationship with after their collaboration on "", which appeared on his seventh album (2002). Beyoncé appeared as Jay-Z's girlfriend in the music video for the song, fuelling speculation about their relationship. On April 4, 2008, Beyoncé and Jay-Z married without publicity. As of April 2014, the couple had sold a combined 300 million records together. They are known for their private relationship, although they have appeared to become more relaxed in recent years. Both have acknowledged difficulty that arose in their marriage after Jay-Z had an affair.

Beyoncé suffered a miscarriage around 2010 or 2011, describing it as "the saddest thing" she had ever endured. She returned to the studio and wrote music in order to cope with the loss. In April 2011, Beyoncé and Jay-Z traveled to Paris in order to shoot the album cover for 4, and unexpectedly became pregnant in Paris. In August, the couple attended the 2011 MTV Video Music Awards, at which Beyoncé performed "Love on Top" and ended the performance by revealing she was pregnant. Her appearance helped that year's MTV Video Music Awards become the most-watched broadcast in MTV history, pulling in 12.4 million viewers; the announcement was listed in for "most tweets per second recorded for a single event" on Twitter, receiving 8,868 tweets per second and "Beyonce pregnant" was the most term the week of August 29, 2011. On January 7, 2012, Beyoncé gave birth to a daughter, Blue Ivy Carter, at in New York City.

On February 1, 2017 she revealed on her Instagram account that she was expecting twins. Her announcement gained over 6.3 million "likes" within eight hours, breaking the world record for the most liked image on the website at the time. On July 13, 2017, Beyoncé uploaded the first image of herself and the twins onto her Instagram account, confirming their birth date as a month prior, on June 13, 2017 and the names Rumi and Sir Carter. The twins were born at in California. Rumi, the daughter, was born before Sir, the son. She wrote of her pregnancy and its aftermath in the iconic September 2018 of, in which she had full control of the cover, shot by photographer.

Activism

Beyoncé performed "" at the, as well as "" during the first inaugural dance at the Neighborhood Ball two days later. They held a fundraiser at Jay-Z's 40/40 Club in Manhattan for which raised  million. In the, Beyoncé voted for Obama. She performed the at his. reported in May 2015, that Beyoncé attended a major celebrity for nominee. She also headlined for Hillary Clinton in a 2016 concert held the weekend before Election Day. In this performance, Beyoncé and her entourage of backup dancers wore pantsuits; a clear allusion to Clinton's frequent dress-of-choice. The backup dancers also wore  tee shirts, the campaign slogan for Clinton. In a brief speech at this performance Beyoncé said, "I want my daughter to grow up seeing a woman lead our country and knowing that her possibilities are limitless."

In 2013, Beyoncé stated in an interview with Vogue that she considered herself to be "a modern-day feminist". She would later align herself more publicly with the movement, sampling "We should all be feminists", a speech delivered by Nigerian author at a talk in April 2013, in her song "", released later that year. In 2014 she performed live at the MTV Video Awards in front a giant backdrop reading "FEMINIST." She has also contributed to the campaign, which uses television and social media to encourage leadership in girls. Following Beyoncé's public identification as a feminist, the sexualized nature of her performances and the fact that she championed her marriage was questioned.

Beyoncé publicly endorsed on March 26, 2013, after the Supreme Court debate on California's. Beyoncé spoke against North Carolina's, a bill passed (and later repealed) that discriminated against the LGBT community in public places in a statement during her concert in Raleigh as part of the Formation World Tour in 2016. She has also condemned. Beyoncé and Jay-Z attended a rally in 2013 in response to the acquittal of for the. The film for her sixth album Lemonade included the mothers of, and, holding pictures of their sons in the video for "". In a 2016 interview with Elle, Beyoncé responded to the controversy surrounding her song "" which was perceived to be critical of the police. She clarified, "I am against police brutality and injustice. Those are two separate things. If celebrating my roots and culture during Black History Month made anyone uncomfortable, those feelings were there long before a video and long before me".

In February 2017, Beyoncé spoke out against the withdrawal of protections for students in public schools by 's. Posting a link to the 100 Days of Kindness campaign on her Facebook page, Beyoncé voiced her support for and joined a roster of celebrities who spoke out against Trump's decision.

In November 2017, Beyoncé presented with the 2017 Muhammad Ali Legacy Award, stating, "Thank you for your selfless heart and your conviction, thank you for your personal sacrifice," and that "Colin took action with no fear of consequence... To change perception, to change the way we treat each other, especially people of color. We're still waiting for the world to catch up." was heavily penalized in his career for protesting the of US civil rights through opposition to the, by refusing to serve in the military. 40 years later, Kaepernick had already lost one professional year due to taking a much quieter and legal stand "for people that are oppressed."

Wealth

magazine began reporting on Beyoncé's earnings in 2008, calculating that the  million earned between June 2007 to June 2008, for her music, tour, films and clothing line made her the world's best-paid music personality at the time, above and. They placed her fourth on the list in 2009 and ninth on the "Most Powerful Women in the World" list in 2010. The following year, Forbes placed her eighth on the "Best-Paid Celebrities Under 30" list, having earned  million in the past year for her clothing line and endorsement deals. In 2012, Forbes placed Beyoncé at number 16 on the Celebrity 100 list, twelve places lower than three years ago yet still having earned  million in the past year for her album 4, clothing line and endorsement deals. In the same year, Beyoncé and Jay-Z placed at number one on the "World's Highest-Paid Celebrity Couples", for collectively earning  million. The couple made it into the previous year's Guinness World Records as the "highest-earning power couple" for collectively earning 2 million in 2009. For the years 2009 to 2011, Beyoncé earned an average of  million per year, and earned  million in 2012. In 2013, Beyoncé's endorsements of Pepsi and H&M made her and Jay-Z the world's first billion dollar couple in the music industry. That year, Beyoncé was published as the fourth most-powerful celebrity in the Forbes rankings.

MTV estimated that by the end of 2014, Beyoncé would become the highest-paid black musician in history; this became the case in April 2014. In June 2014, Beyoncé ranked at number one on the Forbes Celebrity 100 list, earning an estimated 5 million throughout June 2013 – June 2014. This in turn was the first time she had topped the Celebrity 100 list as well as being her highest yearly earnings to date. In 2016, Beyoncé ranked at number 34 on the Celebrity 100 list with earnings of million. Herself and Jay-Z also topped the highest paid celebrity couple list, with combined earnings of 7.5 million. As of 2018, Forbes calculated her net worth to be 5 million, and in June of the same year, ranked her as the 35th highest earning celebrity with annual earnings of million. This tied Beyoncé with Madonna as the only two female artists to earn more than 0 million within a single year twice. As a couple with Jay-Z, they have a combined net worth of.16 billion. In July 2017, announced that Beyoncé was the highest paid musician of 2016, with an estimated total of.1 million.

Legacy

A woman is shown leaning back and singing into a microphone, surrounded by smoke Beyoncé performing during her I Am... World Tour in 2009

In, music critic described Beyoncé as "the most important and compelling popular musician of the twenty-first century... the result, the logical end point, of a century-plus of pop." When named her Artist of the Decade, Llewyn-Smith wrote:

Why Beyoncé?... Because she made not one but two of the decade's greatest singles, with 'Crazy in Love' and 'Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)', not to mention her hits with Destiny's Child; and this was the decade when singles – particularly R&B singles – regained their status as pop's favourite medium.... [She] and not any superannuated rock star was arguably the greatest live performer of the past 10 years.

In 2013, Beyoncé made the 100 list, with writing:

No one has that voice, no one moves the way she moves, no one can hold an audience the way she does... When Beyoncé does an album, when Beyoncé sings a song, when Beyoncé does anything, it's an event, and it's broadly influential. Right now, she is the heir-apparent diva of the USA – the reigning national voice.

In 2014, Beyoncé was listed again on the Time 100 and also featured on the cover of the issue.

Beyoncé's work has influenced numerous artists including,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, and. American band also cited her an inspiration for their third album (2012), friend studied Beyoncé at her live concerts while learning to become a musical performer for the 2010 film.

Sheldon Pearce of noticed her contribution in changing the sound of pop music radio with her hip-hop assisted style, writing:

Her hip-hop fluency gave her an advantage in the pop-star arms race, helping her to become the presiding voice in an increasingly rap-dominated musical landscape. Her evolution, from rap-adjacent R&B star (appearing as early as 1998 in a Geto Boys video) to reluctant hip-hop shareholder to full-blown rapper, played a role in slowly shifting the sound of pop radio.

Her debut single, "Crazy in Love" was named VH1's "Greatest Song of the 2000s",'s "Best Track of the 00s" and "Pop Song of the Century", considered by Rolling Stone to be one of, earned two Grammy Awards and is one of the at around 8 million copies. The music video for "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)", which achieved fame for its intricate choreography and its deployment of, was credited by the Toronto Star as having started the "first major dance craze of both the new millennium and the Internet", triggering a number of parodies of the dance choreography and a legion of amateur imitators on YouTube. In 2013, released a single titled "Girls Love Beyoncé", which featured an interpolation from Destiny Child's "Say My Name" and discussed his relationship with women. In January 2012, research scientist Bryan Lessard named, a species of found in, Australia after Beyoncé due to the fly's unique golden hairs on its abdomen. In July 2014, a Beyoncé exhibit was introduced into the "Legends of Rock" section of the. The black leotard from the "Single Ladies" video and her outfit from the Super Bowl half time performance are among several pieces housed at the museum. Architects credit Beyoncé's look in her "" music video as the inspiration of the design of the under construction in Australia.

The City of declared May 23 Beyoncé Day in the city in 2016. In 2018, the City of declared August 21 Beyoncé Knowles-Carter Day in the city after presenting her with the keys to Columbia.

Achievements

See also: and

Beyoncé has received numerous awards. As a solo artist she has sold over 17 million albums in the US, and over 100 million records worldwide (a further 60 million additionally with ), making her one of the of all time. The (RIAA) listed Beyoncé as the top certified artist of the 2000s decade, with a total of 64. Her songs "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)", "Halo", and "Irreplaceable" are some of the. In 2009, named her the Artist of the Decade and named her the Top Female Artist and Top Radio Songs Artist of the Decade. In 2010, Billboard named her in their "Top 50 R&B/Hip-Hop Artists of the Past 25 Years" list at number 15. In 2012 VH1 ranked her third on their list of the "100 Greatest Women in Music", behind and. Beyoncé was honored with the International Artist Award at the 2007. She has also received the at the, the at the, the at the, and the Fashion Icon Award at the 2016.

Beyoncé has won 22, both as a solo artist and member of Destiny's Child, making her the by the Grammys, behind and the most nominated woman in Grammy Award history with a total of 62 nominations. "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)" won Song of the Year in 2010 while "Say My Name", "Crazy in Love" and "Drunk in Love" have each won Best R&B Song. Dangerously in Love, B'Day and I Am... Sasha Fierce have all won Best Contemporary R&B Album, while Lemonade has won Best Urban Contemporary Album. Beyoncé set the record for the most in 2010 when she won six awards, breaking the tie she previously held with Alicia Keys,, Alison Krauss, and Amy Winehouse, with Adele equaling this in 2012.

Beyoncé has also won 24, making her the most-awarded artist in Video Music Award history. "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)" and "Formation" won Video of the Year in 2009 and 2016 respectively. Beyoncé tied the record set by Lady Gaga in 2010 for the most VMAs won in one night for a female artist with eight in 2016. She is also the most awarded and nominated artist in BET Award history, winning 29 awards from a total of 60 nominations.

Following her role in, Beyoncé was nominated for for "Listen" and at the, and at the. Beyoncé won two awards at the ; Best Song for "Listen" and Best Original Soundtrack for Dreamgirls: Music from the Motion Picture. According to in 2014, Beyoncé is the second most award-winning artist of all time, after Michael Jackson.

She was named on the 2016 Power List as one of seven women judged to have had the biggest impact on women's lives over the past 70 years, alongside,,,, and.

Business and ventures

Endorsements

Beyoncé has worked with Pepsi since 2002, and in 2004 appeared in a -themed commercial with Britney Spears,, and. In 2012, Beyoncé signed a  million deal to endorse Pepsi. The (CSPINET) wrote Beyoncé an open letter asking her to reconsider the deal because of the unhealthiness of the product and to donate the proceeds to a medical organisation. Nevertheless, found that Beyoncé's campaign was the most talked about endorsement in April 2013, with a 70 percent positive audience response to the commercial and print ads.

Beyoncé has worked with for the fragrances True Star (singing a of "") and True Star Gold; she also promoted 's Diamonds fragrance in 2007. Beyoncé launched her first official fragrance,, in 2010. The commercial, which featured the 1956 song "", was shown after the in the United Kingdom as it begins with an image of Beyoncé appearing to lie naked in a room. In February 2011, Beyoncé launched her second fragrance,. Beyoncé's third fragrance,, was launched in September 2011. In 2013, The Mrs. Carter Show Limited Edition version of Heat was released. The six editions of Heat are the world's best-selling celebrity fragrance line, with sales of over 0 million.

The release of a video-game Starpower: Beyoncé was cancelled after Beyoncé pulled out of a 0 million with GateFive who alleged the cancellation meant the sacking of 70 staff and millions of pounds lost in development. It was settled out of court by her lawyers in June 2013 who said that they had cancelled because GateFive had lost its financial backers. Beyoncé also has had deals with, and L'Oréal since the age of 18.

In March 2015, Beyoncé became a co-owner, with other artists, of the service. The service specializes in audio and high definition music videos. Beyoncé's husband acquired the parent company of Tidal,, in the first quarter of 2015. Including Beyoncé and Jay-Z, sixteen artist stakeholders (such as,,,, and more) co-own Tidal, with the majority owning a 3% equity stake. The idea of having an all artist owned streaming service was created by those involved to adapt to the increased demand for streaming within the current music industry.

Fashion lines

Beyoncé and her mother introduced, a contemporary women's fashion line, in 2005. The concept is inspired by three generations of women in their family, with the name paying tribute to Beyoncé's grandmother, Agnèz Deréon, a respected seamstress. According to Tina, the overall style of the line best reflects her and Beyoncé's taste and style. Beyoncé and her mother founded their family's company Beyond Productions, which provides the licensing and brand management for House of Deréon, and its junior collection, Deréon. House of Deréon pieces were exhibited in 's shows and tours, during their era. The collection features sportswear, denim offerings with fur, outerwear and accessories that include handbags and footwear, and are available at department and specialty stores across the US and Canada.

In 2005, Beyoncé teamed up with House of Brands, a shoe company, to produce a range of footwear for House of Deréon. In January 2008, Starwave Mobile launched Beyoncé Fashion Diva, a "high-style" with a social networking component, featuring the House of Deréon collection. In July 2009, Beyoncé and her mother launched a new junior apparel label, Sasha Fierce for Deréon, for back-to-school selling. The collection included sportswear, outerwear, handbags, footwear, eyewear, lingerie and jewelry. It was available at department stores including and, and specialty stores Jimmy Jazz and Against All Odds. On May 27, 2010, Beyoncé teamed up with clothing store to launch Deréon by Beyoncé at their stores in Brazil. The collection included tailored blazers with padded shoulders, little black dresses, embroidered tops and shirts and bandage dresses.

In October 2014, Beyoncé signed a deal to launch an activewear line of clothing with British fashion retailer. The 50–50 venture is called and was launched in April 2016. The brand's name is a nod to Beyoncé's daughter Blue Ivy and her favourite number four (IV in roman numerals), and also references the park where she used to run in Texas.

Philanthropy

A woman is surrounded by several others, all behind a piece of white tape Beyoncé (center) and her mother,, (left) at the opening of the Beyoncé Cosmetology Center on March 5, 2010

After in 2005, Beyoncé and Rowland founded the Survivor Foundation to provide transitional housing for victims in the Houston area, to which Beyoncé contributed an initial 0,000. The foundation has since expanded to work with other charities in the city, and also provided relief following three years later.

Beyoncé participated in and 's telethon and was named the official face of the limited edition "Fashion For Haiti" T-shirt, made by which raised a total of  million. On March 5, 2010, Beyoncé and her mother Tina opened the Beyoncé Cosmetology Center at the Brooklyn, offering a seven-month training course for men and women. In April 2011, Beyoncé joined forces with US First Lady and the National Association of Broadcasters Education Foundation, to help boost the latter's campaign against by reworking her single "Get Me Bodied". Following the, Beyoncé released her cover of the song "", as a charity single to help raise funds for the.

In December, Beyoncé along with a variety of other celebrities teamed up and produced a video campaign for "Demand A Plan", a bipartisan effort by a group of 950 US mayors and others designed to influence the federal government into rethinking its gun control laws, following the. Beyoncé became an ambassador for the 2012 campaign donating her song "I Was Here" and its music video, shot in the UN, to the campaign. In 2013, it was announced that Beyoncé would work with and on a "Chime for Change" campaign that aims to spread female empowerment. The campaign, which aired on February 28, was set to her new music. A concert for the cause took place on June 1, 2013 in London and included other acts like, Florence and the Machine, and Rita Ora. In advance of the concert, she appeared in a campaign video released on May 15, 2013, where she, along with, and, described inspiration from their mothers, while a number of other artists celebrated personal inspiration from other women, leading to a call for submission of photos of women of viewers' inspiration from which a selection was shown at the concert. Beyoncé said about her mother Tina Knowles that her gift was "finding the best qualities in every human being." With help of the platform Catapult, visitors of the concert could choose between several projects promoting education of women and girls. Beyoncé is also taking part in "Miss a Meal", a food-donation campaign, and supporting through online charity auctions at that support job creation throughout Europe and the U.S. In December 2016, Beyoncé was named the Most Charitable Celebrity of the year.

Discography

Main article:

See also:

Filmography

Further information:

Tours and residencies

Main article:

Headlining tours

Co-headlining tours

Concert residencies

See also

Notes

  1. The gross takings from the 29 shows which were reported to Billboard Boxscore totalled.9 million; the tour comprised 96 concerts.

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