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Microsoft Office is a family of,, and services developed by. It was first announced by on 1 August 1988, at in Las Vegas. Initially a marketing term for an (bundled set of productivity ), the first version of Office contained,, and. Over the years, Office applications have grown substantially closer with shared features such as a common spell checker, data integration and scripting language. Microsoft also positions Office as a development platform for line-of-business software under the brand. On 10 July 2012, reported that Office is used by over a billion people worldwide.

Office is produced in several versions targeted towards different end-users and computing environments. The original, and most widely used version, is the version, available for running the and. The current desktop version is for Windows and macOS, released on 24 September 2018.

More recently, Microsoft developed, which are versions of Office applications for. Microsoft also produces and runs, a version of core Office apps, which is included as part of a.

Contents

Components[]

Desktop applications[]

Unless stated otherwise, desktop applications are available for Windows and macOS.

  • : a included in Microsoft Office and some editions of the now-discontinued. The first version of Word, released in the autumn of 1983, was for the MS-DOS operating system and introduced the to more users. Word 1.0 could be purchased with a bundled mouse, though none was required. Following the precedents of and, Word for Macintosh attempted to add closer features into its package. Word for Mac was released in 1985. Word for Mac was the first graphical version of Microsoft Word. Initially, it implemented the proprietary format as its primary format. Word 2007, however, deprecated this format in favor of, which was later standardized by as an. Support for (PDF) and (ODF) was first introduced in Word for Windows with 2 for Word 2007.
  • : a editor that originally competed with the dominant, and eventually outsold it. Microsoft released the first version of Excel for the Mac OS in 1985, and the first Windows version (numbered 2.05 to line up with the Mac) in November 1987.
  • : a used to create composed of text, graphics, and other objects, which can be displayed on-screen and shown by the presenter or printed out on or.
  • : a for Windows that combines the with a graphical user interface and software development tools. Microsoft Access stores data in its own format based on the Access Jet Database Engine. It can also import or link directly to data stored in other applications and databases.
  • (not to be confused with, or ): a that replaces,, and starting in Office 97, it includes an e-mail client, calendar, task manager and address book. On the Mac OS, Microsoft offered several versions of Outlook in the late 1990s, but only for use with. In Office 2001, it introduced an alternative application with a slightly different feature set called. It reintroduced Outlook in Office 2011, replacing Entourage.
  • : a that gathers handwritten or typed notes, drawings, and audio commentaries. Notes can be shared with other OneNote users over the Internet or a network. OneNote was initially introduced as a standalone app that was not included in any of editions. However, OneNote eventually became a core component of Microsoft Office; with the release of, OneNote was included in all Microsoft Office offerings. OneNote is also available as a on, a (and later ) Windows desktop app, a for,,, and, and a app for or later.
  • : a app for Windows mostly used for designing brochures, labels, calendars, greeting cards, business cards, newsletters, web site, and postcards.
  • : an integrated communications client for conferences and meetings in real time, it is the only Microsoft Office desktop app that is neither useful without a proper network infrastructure nor has the "Microsoft" prefix in its name.
  • : a app for Windows to keep track of events and to create and, not bundled in any Office suite.
  • : a platform that combines workplace chat, meetings, notes, and attachments. Microsoft announced that Teams would eventually replace Skype for Business.
  • : a and app for Windows not bundled in any Office suite.

Mobile apps[]

  • : An optimized for. It captures the document (e.g. business card, paper, whiteboard) via the camera and then straightens the document portion of the image. The result can be exported to Word, OneNote, PowerPoint or Outlook, or saved in OneDrive, sent via or placed in.
  • : Turns the mobile device into a for desktop versions of Word, Excel and PowerPoint.

Server applications[]

Web services[]

    • Word Online: Free version of.
    • Excel Online: Free web app version of.
    • PowerPoint Online: Free web app version of.
    • OneNote Online: Free web app version of.
    • : Free with a user interface similar to and.
    • : A public document sharing service where Office users can upload and share Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Sway and files for the whole world to discover and use. On June 9, 2017, Microsoft announced it would shut down Docs.com on December 15, 2017 in favor of the acquired SlideShare with its LinkedIn purchase.
    • : A file hosting service that allows users to sync files and later access them from a web browser or mobile device.
    • : A presentation web app released in October 2014. It also has a native app for and.
  • : Allows users to search and manage their emails, meetings, contacts, social networks and documents stored on OneDrive or Sites in Office 365.
  • : An, available for Office 365 Education subscribers.
  • : Similar to Outlook.com but more comprehensive and available only through Office 365 and offerings.
  • : A planning application available on the Microsoft Office 365 platform.
  • : A for enterprise users with an Office 365 Academic or Enterprise license.
  • : An appointment booking application on the Microsoft Office 365 platform.

Office Mobile[]

Main article:

Office Mobile includes the scaled-down and touch-optimised versions of Word, Excel and PowerPoint. Other Office applications such as OneNote, Lync and Outlook are available as standalone apps. It is supported on,, and.

Office Mobile enables users to save and access documents on, OneDrive for Business, and. Additionally, the Windows Phone version also allows users to save files locally on the device. According to Microsoft, Office Mobile for iPhone and Android are "very similar" to each other, whereas the Windows Phone version provides a "richer, more integrated experience".

for was released on 14 June 2013 in the United States. Support for 135 markets and 27 languages was rolled out over a few days. It requires or later. Although the app also works on devices, excluding the first generation, it is designed for a small screen. Office Mobile was released for phones on 31 July 2013 in the United States. Support for 117 markets and 33 languages was added gradually over several weeks. It is supported on and later. Office Mobile for both iPhone and Android, available for free from the and respectively, initially required a qualifying subscription to activate, but in March 2014, with the release of Office for iPad, the apps were updated making them fully free for home use, although a subscription is still required for business use.

On 27 March 2014, Microsoft released Word, Excel and PowerPoint for. On 6 November 2014, Microsoft released updated versions of Word, Excel and PowerPoint for.

On 29 January 2015, Microsoft released Word, Excel and PowerPoint for tablets. On 24 June 2015, Microsoft released updated versions of Word, Excel and Powerpoint for phones. The Android version is also supported on certain machines.

In January 2015, Microsoft unveiled updated universal app versions of the Office applications for devices—including PCs, tablets and smartphones—that are based upon the previously released Android and iOS apps.

Office Mobile is or was also available, though no longer supported, on, and. There is also, a touch-optimized version of the standard desktop Office suite, pre-installed on.

Common features[]

Most versions of Microsoft Office (including Office 97 and later) use their own set and do not exactly match the native operating system. This is most apparent in Microsoft Office XP and 2003, where the standard were replaced with a colored, flat-looking, shadowed menu style. The user interface of a particular version of Microsoft Office often heavily influences a subsequent version of Microsoft Windows. For example, the, colored and the gray-colored 3D look of Office 4.3 were added to Windows 95, and the, introduced in Office 2007, has been incorporated into several programs bundled with Windows 7 and later. In 2012, Office 2013 replicated the flat, box-like design of.

Users of Microsoft Office may access external data via connection-specifications saved in Office Data Connection (.odc) files.

Both Windows and Office use to update software. Office had non-cumulative, which were discontinued after Office 2000 Service Release 1.

Past versions of Office. For example, Excel 97 contained a reasonably functional flight-simulator. Office XP and later do not have any Easter eggs, in compliance with guidelines.

File formats and metadata[]

Microsoft Office prior to Office 2007 used proprietary file formats based on the OLE. This forced users who share data to adopt the same software platform. In 2008, Microsoft made the entire documentation for the binary Office formats freely available for download and granted any possible patents rights for use or implementations of those binary format for free under the. Previously, Microsoft had supplied such documentation freely but only on request.

Starting with Office 2007, the default file format has been a version of, though different than the one standardized and published by Ecma International and by /. Microsoft has granted patent rights to the formats technology under the Open Specification Promise and has made available free downloadable converters for previous versions of Microsoft Office including Office 2003, Office XP, Office 2000 and Office 2004 for Mac OS X. Third-party implementations of Office Open XML exist on the Windows platform (, all platforms), macOS platform ( '08,, ) and ( and 3.0). In addition, Office 2010, Service Pack 2 for Office 2007, and Office 2016 for Mac supports the OpenDocument Format (ODF) for opening and saving documents.

Microsoft provides the ability to from Office documents. This was in response to highly publicized incidents where sensitive data about a document was leaked via its metadata. Metadata removal was first available in 2004, when Microsoft released a tool called Remove Hidden Data Add-in for Office 2003/XP for this purpose. It was directly integrated into Office 2007 in a feature called the Document Inspector.

Extensibility[]

A major feature of the Office suite is the ability for users and third party companies to write add-ins () that extend the capabilities of an application by adding custom commands and specialized features. One of the new features is the Office Store. and other tools can be downloaded by users. Developers can make money by selling their applications in the Office Store. The revenue is divided between the developer and where the developer gets 80% of the money. Developers are able to share applications with all Office users.

The app travels with the document, and it is for the developer to decide what the recipient will see when they open it. The recipient will either have the option to download the app from the Office Store for free, start a free trial or be directed to payment. With Office's cloud abilities, IT department can create a set of apps for their business employees in order to increase their productivity. When employees go to the Office Store, they'll see their company's apps under My Organization. The apps that employees have personally downloaded will appear under My Apps. Developers can use web technologies like,, CSS3,, and APIs for building the apps. An application for Office is a webpage that is hosted inside an Office client application. User can use apps to amplify the functionality of a document, email message, meeting request, or appointment. Apps can run in multiple environments and by multiple clients, including rich Office desktop clients, Office Web Apps, mobile browsers, and also on-premises and in the cloud. The type of add-ins supported differ by Office versions:

  • Office 97 onwards (standard Windows i.e. Word WLLs and Excel XLLs)
  • Office 2000 onwards ( add-ins)
  • Office XP onwards ( add-ins)
  • Office 2003 onwards (Managed code add-ins – )

Password protection[]

Main article:

Microsoft Office has a security feature that allows users to encrypt Office (Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Access, Skype Business) documents with a user-provided password. The password can contain up to 255 characters and uses 128-bit advanced encryption by default. Passwords can also be used to restrict modification of the entire document, worksheet or presentation. Due to lack of document encryption, though, these passwords can be removed using a third-party cracking software.

Support policies[]

Approach[]

All versions of Microsoft Office products before Microsoft Office 2016 are eligible for ten years of support following their release, during which Microsoft releases for the product version and provides paid technical support. The ten-year period is divided into two five-years phases: The mainstream phase and the extended phase. During the mainstream phase, Microsoft may provide limited complimentary technical support and release non-security updates or change the design of the product. During the extended phase, said services stop.

Starting with Microsoft Office 2016, Microsoft has moved to a so-called "Modern Lifecycle Policy" that requires the consumer to stay current to stay supported.

Timelines of support[]

Timeline of Microsoft Office for Windows

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

2021

2022

2023

2024

2025

2026

2027

2028

  •      (Spent) standard support
  •      (Remaining) standard support
  •      (Spent) extended support
  •      (Remaining) extended support

Timeline of Microsoft Office for Mac

Office X for Mac

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

2021

2022

  •      (Spent) standard support
  •      (Remaining) standard support
  •      (Spent) extended support
  •      (Remaining) extended support

Platforms[]

Microsoft supports Office for the Windows and macOS platforms, as well as mobile versions for Windows Phone, and iOS platforms. Beginning with Mac Office 4.2, the macOS and Windows versions of Office share the same file format, and are. Visual Basic for Applications support was dropped in Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac, then reintroduced in Office for Mac 2011.

Microsoft tried in the mid-1990s to port Office to RISC processors such as / and /, but they met problems such as memory access being hampered by requirements. Microsoft Word 97 and Excel 97 however did ship for the platform. Difficulties in porting Office may have been a factor in discontinuing on non-Intel platforms.

Pricing model and editions[]

Sales approach[]

Microsoft has changed its sales approach in the past years with the introduction of in 2011 (28 June). It abandoned the traditional one-time purchase in favor of a regular (monthly or yearly) subscription for many of its offerings, all including the Office 365 label. In addition to the regular Office applications, Office 365 includes cloud-based tools ), and is sold as a monthly or annual subscription.

Microsoft Office is licensed through:

  1. Retail.
  2. , which includes site-wide and licenses for Microsoft Office with personal computers and.
  3. A "Home Use Program" (HUP) permitting employees of a participating organization access to home-use Microsoft Office products.

Retail editions[]

Microsoft Office is available in several editions, which regroup a given number of applications for a specific price. Current retail editions are grouped by category:

  • Home: Home, Personal, Home & Student.
  • Business: Business, Business Premium, Business Essentials.

Education pricing[]

Post-secondary students may obtain the University edition of Microsoft Office 365 subscription. It is limited to one user and two devices, plus the subscription price is valid for four years instead of just one. Apart from this, the University edition is identical in features to the Home Premium version. This marks the first time Microsoft does not offer physical or permanent software at academic pricing, in contrast to the University versions of and. In addition, students eligible for program may receive select standalone Microsoft Office apps free of charge.

Discontinued applications and features[]

  • : Incorporates several documents into one file and was originally designed as a container system for storing related documents in a single file. The complexity of use and learning curve led to little usage, and it was discontinued after Office XP.
  • : a HTML editor and website administration tool for Windows. It was branded as part of the Microsoft Office suite from 1997 to 2003. FrontPage was discontinued in December 2006 and replaced by and.
  • : Windows application for designing and distributing rich -based forms. Last version was included in Office 2013.
  • : Mail client (in old versions of Office, later replaced by and subsequently ).
  • Microsoft Office Document Image Writer: a that takes documents from Microsoft Office or any other application and prints them, or stores them in an image file as TIFF or format. It was discontinued with Office 2010.
  • : an application that supports editing scanned documents. Discontinued with Office 2010.
  • : a and application. Discontinued with Office 2010.
  • : A graphics program that was first released as part of the Office 2000 Premium Edition. A later version for compatibility was released, known as PhotoDraw 2000 Version 2. Microsoft discontinued the program in 2001.
  • : Photo-editing/raster-graphics software in older Office versions up to Office XP. It was supplemented by Microsoft PhotoDraw in Office 2000 Premium edition.
  • : Released with Office 95. It featured a planner, to-do list, and contact information. Its functions were incorporated into Microsoft Outlook.
  • : Included with Microsoft Office Professional Edition 2004 for Mac. Microsoft discontinued support for Virtual PC on the Mac in 2006 owing to new Macs possessing the same Intel architecture as Windows PCs. It emulated a standard PC and its hardware.
  • : A program that "activated" documents using HTML, adding effects such as animation. It allows users to create dynamic documents for the Web. Development has ended due to unpopularity.
  • 2002: A program for graphical visualization of data and its analysis.
  • , included since Office 97 (Windows) and Office 98 (Mac) as a part of technology, is a system that uses characters to offer suggestions to users and access to the. The Assistant is often dubbed "Clippy" or "Clippit", due to its default to a character, coded as CLIPPIT.ACS. The latest versions that include the Office Assistant were Office 2003 (Windows) and Office 2004 (Mac).
  • (formerly known as Microsoft Office Groove): a proprietary document collaboration software designed for teams with members who are regularly offline or who do not share the same network security clearance.
  • : Initially a WYSIWYG HTML editor and website administration tool, Microsoft attempted to turn it into a specialized HTML editor for SharePoint sites, failed and discontinued it.
  • : business-relationship database available only in Japan
  • : basic photo management software (similar to 's or 's ), replaced
  • : An Outlook counterpart on macOS, Microsoft discontinued it in favor of extending the Outlook brand name.

Discontinued server applications[]

Discontinued web services[]

    • Office Live Small Business: services and online collaboration tools for small businesses
    • Office Live Workspace: Online storage and collaboration service for documents, superseded by
  • : Web conferencing service

Criticism[]

Microsoft Office has been criticized in the past for using proprietary file formats rather than, which forces users who share data into adopting the same software platform. However, on February 15, 2008, Microsoft made the entire documentation for the binary Office formats freely available under the. Also,, the document format for the latest versions of Office for Windows and Mac, has been standardized under both and. Ecma International has published the Office Open XML specification free of copyrights and Microsoft has granted patent rights to the formats technology under the Open Specification Promise and has made available free downloadable converters for previous versions of Microsoft Office including Office 2003, Office XP, Office 2000 and Office 2004 for the. Third-party implementations of Office Open XML exist on the Mac platform (iWork 08) and ( 2.3 – Novell Edition only).

Another point of criticism Microsoft Office has faced was the lack of support in its Mac versions for and languages, notably and. This issue, which had existed since the first release in 1989, was only addressed in the 2016 version.

Tables of versions[]

Legend:

Old version

Older version, still supported

Latest version

Latest preview version

Future release

Windows Office version Version number Minimum version Office support end date Mainstream Extended 17.0
client
versions Future release: TBD Future release: TBD 16.0 Current stable version: 13 October 2020 Current stable version: 14 October 2025 15.0 Old version, no longer supported: 10 April 2018 Older version, yet still supported: 11 April 2023 14.0 Old version, no longer supported: 13 October 2015 Older version, yet still supported: 13 October 2020 12.0 Old version, no longer supported: 9 October 2012 Old version, no longer supported: 10 October 2017 11.0 Old version, no longer supported: 14 April 2009 Old version, no longer supported: 8 April 2014 10.0 or Old version, no longer supported: 11 July 2006 Old version, no longer supported: 12 July 2011 9.0 or Old version, no longer supported: 30 June 2004 Old version, no longer supported: 14 July 2009 8.0 or Old version, no longer supported: 31 August 2001 Old version, no longer supported: 28 February 2002 7.0 or Old version, no longer supported: 31 December 2001 N/A 4.x 6.0 Old version, no longer supported: 1 November 2000 N/A 3.x Various? Old version, no longer supported: 30 September 1998 N/A Mac Office version Version number Minimum Office support end date Mainstream Extended 15.0, 16.0 – Current stable version: 13 October 2020 N/A 14.0 (Intel) – Old version, no longer supported: 10 October 2017 N/A 12.0 (PPC) – Old version, no longer supported: 9 April 2013 N/A 11.0 – Old version, no longer supported: 10 January 2012 N/A v. X 10.0 – Old version, no longer supported: 9 January 2007 N/A 9.0 (PPC) Old version, no longer supported: 31 December 2005 N/A 8.0 (PPC) Old version, no longer supported: 30 June 2003 N/A 4.2 7.0 (68K) Old version, no longer supported: 31 December 1996 N/A 3.0 6.0? Old version, no longer supported: 1 June 2001 N/A

Version history[]

Main article:

Windows versions[]

Microsoft Office for Windows[]

Microsoft Office for Windows started in October 1990 as a bundle of three applications designed for Microsoft Windows 3.0: Microsoft Word for Windows 1.1, Microsoft Excel for Windows 2.0, and Microsoft PowerPoint for Windows 2.0.

Microsoft Office for Windows 1.5 updated the suite with Microsoft Excel 3.0.

Version 1.6 added Microsoft Mail for PC Networks 2.1 to the bundle.

Microsoft Office 3.0[]

, also called Microsoft Office 92, was released on 30 August 1992 and contained Word 2.0, Excel 4.0, PowerPoint 3.0 and Mail 3.0. It was the first version of Office also released on CD-ROM. In 1993, The Microsoft Office Professional was released, which added Microsoft Access 1.1.

Microsoft Office 4.x[]

Microsoft Office 4.0 was released containing Word 6.0, Excel 4.0a, PowerPoint 3.0 and Mail in 1993. Word's version number jumped from 2.0 to 6.0 so that it would have the same version number as the MS-DOS and Macintosh versions (Excel and PowerPoint were already numbered the same as the Macintosh versions).

Microsoft Office 4.2 for Windows NT was released in 1994 for i386, Alpha, MIPS and PowerPC architectures, containing Word 6.0 and Excel 5.0 (both 32-bit, PowerPoint 4.0 (16-bit), and Microsoft Office Manager 4.2 (the precursor to the Office Shortcut Bar)).

Microsoft Office 95 and 97[]

MS Office 97 Professional Edition

was released on 24 August 1995. Software version numbers were altered again to create parity across the suite—every program was called version 7.0 meaning all but Word missed out versions. It was designed as a fully version to match. Office 95 was available in two versions, Office 95 Standard and Office 95 Professional. The standard version consisted of Word 7.0, Excel 7.0, PowerPoint 7.0, and Schedule+ 7.0. The professional edition contained all of the items in the standard version plus 7.0. If the professional version was purchased in form, it also included.[]

The logo used in Office 95 returns in Office 97, 2000 and XP. also uses a similar logo.

(Office 8.0) included hundreds of new features and improvements, such as introducing command bars, a paradigm in which menus and toolbars were made more similar in capability and visual design. Office 97 also featured Natural Language Systems and grammar checking. Office 97 was the first version of Office to include the Office Assistant. In Brazil, it was also the first version to introduce the Registration Wizard, a precursor to.

Microsoft Office 2000 to 2003[]

(Office 9.0) introduced menus, where little-used options were hidden from the user. It also introduced a new security feature, built around, to diminish the threat of macro viruses. Office 2000 automatically trusts (written in VBA 6) that were digitally signed from authors who have been previously designated as trusted. The Registration Wizard, a precursor to, remained in Brazil and was also extended to Australia and New Zealand, though not for volume-licensed editions. Academic software in the United States and Canada also featured the Registration Wizard.

(Office 10.0 or Office 2002) was released in conjunction with, and was a major upgrade with numerous enhancements and changes over Office 2000. Office XP introduced the feature, which allows applications such as Outlook to boot when it might otherwise fail by bypassing a corrupted or a faulty add-in. is a technology introduced with Office XP in Word and Excel and discontinued in Office 2010. Office XP includes integrated voice command and text dictation capabilities, as well as. It was the first version to require worldwide and in all editions as an anti-piracy measure, which attracted widespread controversy. Product Activation remained absent from Office for Mac releases until it was introduced in.

(Office 11.0) was released in 2003. It featured a new logo. Two new applications made their debut in Office 2003: Microsoft InfoPath and. It is the first version to use new, more colorful icons. Outlook 2003 provides improved functionality in many areas, including authentication, over HTTP, Cached Exchange Mode, and an improved junk mail filter.

Microsoft Office 2007[]

(Office 12.0) was released in 2007. Office 2007's new features include a new called the Fluent User Interface, replacing the menus and toolbars that have been the cornerstone of Office since its inception with a, known as the ; new XML-based file formats called Office Open XML; and the inclusion of, a application.

Microsoft Office 2010[]

(Office 14.0, because Microsoft ) was finalized on 15 April 2010 and made available to consumers on 15 June 2010. The main features of Office 2010 include the backstage file menu, new collaboration tools, a customizable ribbon, protected view and a navigation panel. This is the first version to ship in and variants. Microsoft Office 2010 featured a new logo, which resembled the 2007 logo, except in gold, and with a modification in shape.

Microsoft released Service Pack 1 for Office 2010 on June 28, 2011 and Service Pack 2 on July 16, 2013.

Microsoft Office 2013[]

A technical preview of (Build 15.0.3612.1010) was released on 30 January 2012, and a Customer Preview version was made available to consumers on 16 July 2012. It sports a revamped application interface; the interface is based on, the interface of and. Microsoft Outlook has received the most pronounced changes so far; for example, the Metro interface provides a new visualization for scheduled tasks. PowerPoint includes more templates and transition effects, and OneNote includes a new splash screen. On 16 May 2011, new images of Office 15 were revealed, showing Excel with a tool for filtering data in a timeline, the ability to convert Roman numerals to Arabic numerals, and the integration of advanced trigonometric functions. In Word, the capability of inserting video and audio online as well as the broadcasting of documents on the Web were implemented. Microsoft has promised support for Office Open XML Strict starting with version 15, a format Microsoft has submitted to the ISO for interoperability with other office suites, and to aid adoption in the public sector. This version can read and write 1.2 (Windows only).

On 24 October 2012, Office 2013 Professional Plus was and was made available to TechNet and MSDN subscribers for download. On 15 November 2012, the 60-day trial version was released for public download. Office 2013 was released to on January 29, 2013.

Service Pack 1 for Office 2013 was released on February 25, 2014.

Microsoft Office 2016[]

Main article:

On 22 January 2015, the Microsoft Office blog announced that the next version of the suite for Windows desktop, Office 2016, was in development. On 4 May 2015, a public preview of Microsoft Office 2016 was released. Office 2016 was released for Mac OS X on 9 July 2015 and for Windows on 22 September 2015.

Microsoft Office 2019[]

Main article:

On 26 September 2017, Microsoft announced that the next version of the suite for Windows desktop, Office 2019, was in development. On 27 April 2018, Microsoft released Office 2019 Commercial Preview for Windows 10.

Mac versions[]

Prior to packaging its various office-type Mac OS software applications into Office, Microsoft released Mac versions of 1.0 in 1984, the first year of the Macintosh computer; Excel 1.0 in 1985; and 1.0 in 1987. Microsoft does not include its Access database application in Office for Mac.

Microsoft has noted that some features are added to Office for Mac before they appear in Windows versions, such as Office for Mac 2001's Office Project Gallery and PowerPoint Movie feature, which allows users to save presentations as QuickTime movies. However, Microsoft Office for Mac has been long criticized for its lack of support of and for its lack of support for languages, notably, and.

Early Office for Mac releases (1989–1994)[]

Microsoft Office for Mac was introduced for Mac OS in 1989, before Office was released for Windows. It included Word 4.0, Excel 2.2, PowerPoint 2.01, and Mail 1.37. It was originally a limited-time promotion but later became a regular product. With the release of Office on CD-ROM later that year, Microsoft became the first major Mac publisher to put its applications on CD-ROM.

Microsoft Office 1.5 for Mac was released in 1991 and included the updated Excel 3.0, the first application to support Apple’s.

Microsoft Office 3.0 for Mac was released in 1992 and included Word 5.0, Excel 4.0, PowerPoint 3.0 and Mail Client. Excel 4.0 was the first application to support new.

Microsoft Office 4.2 for Mac was released in 1994. (Version 4.0 was skipped to synchronize version numbers with Office for Windows) Version 4.2 included Word 6.0, Excel 5.0, PowerPoint 4.0 and Mail 3.2. It was the first Office suite for. Its user interface was identical to Office 4.2 for Windows leading many customers to comment that it wasn't Mac-like enough. The final release for Mac was Office 4.2.1, which updated Word to version 6.0.1, somewhat improving performance.

Microsoft Office 98 Macintosh Edition[]

was unveiled at in 1998. It introduced the 4.0 and, an Internet e-mail and reader. Office 98 was re-engineered by Microsoft's to satisfy customers' desire for software they felt was more Mac-like. It included installation, self-repairing applications and Quick, before such features were available in Office for Windows. It also was the first version to support movies.

Microsoft Office 2001 and v. X[]

Microsoft Office v. X box art

was launched in 2000 as the last Office suite for the. It required a PowerPC processor. This version introduced Entourage, an e-mail client that included information management tools such as a calendar, an address book, task lists and notes.

Microsoft Office v. X was released in 2001 and was the first version of Microsoft Office for. Support for Office v. X ended on 9 January 2007 after the release of the final update, 10.1.9 Office v.X includes Word X, Excel X, PowerPoint X, Entourage X, and ; it was the last version of Office for Mac to include.

Office 2004[]

was released on 11 May 2004. It includes Microsoft Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Entourage and. It is the final version of Office to be built exclusively for and to officially support processors, as its sequel lists a, or processor as a requirement. It was notable for supporting (VBA), which is unavailable in Office 2008. This led Microsoft to extend support for Office 2004 from September 10, 2009 to January 10, 2012. VBA functionality was reintroduced in Office 2011, which is only compatible with Intel processors.

Office 2008[]

was released on 15 January 2008. It was the only Office for Mac suite to be compiled as an, being the first to feature native support and the last to feature PowerPC support for and processors, although the suite is unofficially compatible with processors. New features include native Office Open XML file format support, which debuted in Office 2007 for Windows, and stronger employing and. Benchmarks suggested that compared to its predecessor, Office 2008 ran at similar speeds on Intel machines and slower speeds on PowerPC machines. Office 2008 also lacked (VBA) support, leaving it with only 15 months of additional mainstream support compared to its predecessor. Nevertheless, five months after it was released, Microsoft said that Office 2008 was "selling faster than any previous version of Office for Mac in the past 19 years" and affirmed "its commitment to future products for the Mac."

Office 2011[]

was released on 26 October 2010,. It is the first version of Office for Mac to be compiled exclusively for processors, dropping support for the architecture. It features an OS X version of Outlook to replace the Entourage email client. This version of Outlook is intended to make the OS X version of Office work better with Microsoft's Exchange server and with those using Office for Windows. Office 2011 includes a Mac-based Ribbon similar to Office for Windows.

OneNote and Outlook release (2014)[]

for Mac was released on 17 March 2014. It marks the company's first release of the note-taking software on the Mac. It is available as a free download to all users of the in.

2016 for Mac debuted on 31 October 2014. It requires a paid subscription, meaning that traditional Office 2011 retail or volume licenses cannot activate this version of Outlook. On that day, Microsoft confirmed that it would release the next version of Office for Mac in late 2015.

Despite dropping support for older versions of OS X and only keeping support for 64-bit-only versions of OS X, these versions of OneNote and Outlook are 32-bit applications like their predecessors.

Office 2016[]

Main article:

The first Preview version of Microsoft Office 2016 for Mac was released on 5 March 2015. On 9 July 2015, Microsoft released the final version of Microsoft Office 2016 for Mac which includes Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Outlook and OneNote. It was immediately made available for Office 365 subscribers with either a Home, Personal, Business, Business Premium, E3 or ProPlus subscription. A non-Office 365 edition of Office 2016 was made available as a one-time purchase option on 22 September 2015.

See also[]

References[]

  1. ... Retrieved 25 February 2016.
  2. . Microsoft. 5 March 2015. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
  3. .. SoftNews. 10 July 2012.
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