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Giant African Land Snails

Achatina fulica

Giant African Land Snail - Photo by Steve Greaves

East African Giant African Land Snail.

The latin name is Achatina fulica.

Note the unusual green markings on this Giant Snail Shell.


In the summer of 2007 I was given an adult Giant African Land Snail as a pet.

I named him "Arnie" after Bodybuilder and action film star Arnold Schwarzenegger.

The Giant Snail's Shell is now over 4.25 inches long and he weighs an impressive

175 grams (that's just over 6 ounces).

"He" promptly laid a clutch of around 60 eggs. Only two of the Snail Eggs hatched

and I named the Baby Snails Homer and Marge. 

A month later came the second batch of 70ish Snail Eggs - most of which 

hatched. A third clutch was laid about one month after that.



Photos of Giant African Land Snails

Giant African Land Snails - Photos by Steve Greaves  Giant African Land Snails - Photos by Steve Greaves  Giant African Land Snails - Photos by Steve Greaves

Photos of Arnie the Giant African Land Snail.


  Arnie the Giant African Land Snail Having a Bath, photo by Steve Greaves.     Giant African Land Snail Having a Bath, Photo by Steve Greaves.

Bathtime for Arnie the Giant African Land Snail


Baby Giant African Land Snails - Photos by Steve Greaves



How to Care for Giant African Land Snails

You can keep your Giant African Land Snails in a plastic or glass vivarium or

terrarium (tank). I keep mine in an Exo Terra  18" x 18" x 18" (45cm x 45cm x

45cm) Terrarium which has a mesh roof and front opening glass doors.

These are perfect for snails!



Giant Snails like a 2 inches or deeper layer of damp compost to burrow into.

The compost can be peat based, an alternative could be cocoa fibre. 

Snails need  a luke warm spray of water once or twice a day. A small plant

mister is ideal for this. Terrarium humidity should be around 60 - 70%.

I keep the baby snails in ventilated sandwich boxes.




Giant African Land Snails are a tropical species and like to be kept at

temperatures between 20 - 26 degrees C. The Snails are best kept out of 

direct sunlight and in winter if kept in a cool room should be provided with 

a heat mat attached to the side of the terrarium/tank - available from a 

pet shop.


Create a more interesting environment for your pet snails by adding pieces of

interesting driftwood and cork bark for them to climb over and hide under. You

can also decorate the tank with sphagnum moss and artificial plants. Avoid hard

objects as shells can crack if snails fall from the sides or top of the tank.


Feeding Giant African Land Snails - Food/Diet

Arnie the Giant African Land Snail and the young Snails seem to eat

almost any kind of fruit and vegetable matter. Favourite foods are cucumber and

lettuce, peppers, green beans, tomatoes and sweetcorn. Snails also eat brown 

bread and even cat biscuits. Do not feed pasta to your snails as it will swell

up inside them and damage or even kill them.

Giant African Land Snails are known to eat up to 500 different plant species.


Giant Land Snails need a supply of calcium for the growth of their shells.

Cuttlefish bone is an ideal source of this mineral. 



Giant African Land Snails - Hibernation / Estivation

Giant African Land Snails will go into hibernation if temperatures get too low.

Giant African Land Snail Hibernation - Photo by Steve Greaves.    Giant African Land Snail Hibernation showing mucus membrane - Photo by Steve Greaves.

Here are some photographs of Arnie hibernating (sleeping). Note the membrane

which has formed over the aperture to his shell. The membrane (epiphragm) is

made of dried mucus and helps keep the snail moist. In warm weather Giant

African Land Snails will go into summer hibernation (estivation) if they get too

dry. You should spray your snails daily with luke warm water to prevent this from

happening. Arnie the Giant African Snail hibernated for several weeks from late

autumn 2007 to early spring 2008. As soon as he woke up he became quite active

and resumed eating as normal - and he is still growing!



Breeding Giant African Land Snails, Their Life Cycle

Giant African Land Snails Mating & Snail Eggs   

Giant African Land Snails are hermaphrodites i.e. they have both male and

female reproductive organs. You need two snails to breed and if two snails of

different sizes mate, the largest of the two normally plays the part of the female

and carries the eggs. Once mated Giant African Land Snails have the

capacity to have produce clutches of eggs in instalments. Giant Snails can lay

clutches of eggs several months apart giving the young snails a greater chance

of survival.

Sexual maturity in Giant African Land Snails takes 6 to 16 months depending

on environmental conditions and availability of calcium. At 6 months old GALS

are around 35mm long.

In the photo of the Giant African Land Snails mating above you can see the

white male reproductive organ on the snail's neck. At the bottom of the photo

is a freshly laid clutch of snail eggs which are about 5mm long.

Giant African Land Snails are said to be able to lay up to 1,200 eggs in a year!

Giant African Snail Eggs photo by Steve Greaves Photorealism Paintings.

Giant Snail Eggs take 2 - 6 weeks to hatch. They should be kept in damp

compost and at a temperature of around 20 - 25 C.

Giant African Land Snails normally live for 5 - 6 years but they can live up to

9 years old.



Handling Giant African Land Snails

Giant African Land Snails enjoy being handled but should be treated with care

as their shells are quite fragile especially when young. Spray your hand with

water to make it more comfortable for the snail. If the snail is on the side of the

tank, spray water on and around the snail, ease your fingers underneath it and

lift it off gently.

Don't try to pull the snail off by its shell - you could pull it out of its shell!

Don't pick up the snail by the front growing part of the shell which is very

delicate and easily damaged.

You can clean your snail in luke warm water using a fine paint brush but be

careful not to get water into its breathing hole just inside its shell.



Interesting Giant African Land Snail Facts

Heliciculture is the farming or raising of Snails.

Malacology is the study of Molluscs / invertebrates (animals without backbones).

Conchology is the study of mollusc Shells (Molusck US spelling).

Giant African Land Snails is often abbreviated to GALS.




Photos/Pictures of Giant African Land Snails & Others

NEW! Steve Greaves

Snail Postcard on Ebay

White Lipped Banded Snail

(Cepaea hortensis)


More Snail Photos Coming Soon!


Legal note for the US.

The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) bans the importation of, and it is

illegal to possess, live Giant African Snails.










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