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Air France (French pronunciation: ​; formally Société Air France, S.A.), stylized as AIRFRANCE, is the French headquartered in. It is a subsidiary of the Group and a founding member of the global airline alliance. As of 2013 Air France serves 36 destinations in France and operates worldwide scheduled passenger and cargo services to 168 destinations in 78 countries (93 including ) and also carried 46,803,000 passengers in 2015. The airline's global is at with as the primary domestic hub. Air France's, previously in, Paris, are located on the grounds of, north of Paris.

Air France was formed on 7 October 1933 from a merger of,,, (CIDNA), and. During the, from 1950 until 1990, it was one of the three main scheduled airlines operating in Germany at 's and airports. In 1990, it acquired the operations of French domestic carrier and international rival UTA –. It served as France's primary national for seven decades prior to its 2003 with.

Between April 2001 and March 2002, the airline carried 43.3 million passengers and had a total of 12.53bn. In November 2004, Air France ranked as the largest European airline with 25.5% total market share, and was the largest airline in the world in terms of operating revenue.

Air France operates a mixed fleet of and on long-haul routes, and uses aircraft on short-haul routes. Air France introduced the on 20 November 2009 with service to New York City's JFK Airport from Paris' Charles de Gaulle Airport. The carrier's subsidiary,, operates the majority of its regional domestic and European scheduled services with a fleet of aircraft.

Contents

History[]

Formation and early years[]

The inauguration of the Aérogare des Invalides on 21 August 1951

Air France was formed on 7 October 1933, from a merger of,,, (CIDNA) and (SGTA). Of these airlines, SGTA was the first commercial airline company in France, having been founded as Lignes Aériennes Farman in 1919. The constituent members of Air France had already built extensive networks across Europe, to in North Africa and farther afield. During World War II, Air France moved its operations to (Morocco).

In 1936, Air France added French-built twin engine aircraft to its fleet featuring a two compartment cabin that could accommodate 14 to 16 passengers. A high wing monoplane, it had a wooden fuselage with composite coating while the wings were fabric covered with a metal leading edge. Equipped with Hispano-Suiza V-engines, they were used on routes in Europe, South America and the Far East. Although cruising at only 175 miles per hour, the Potez 62 was a robust and reliable workhorse for Air France and remained in service until the with one used by the.

1936 Air France ad for service using twin-engine aircraft.

On 26 June 1945 all of France's companies were. On 29 December france 1945, a decree of the granted Air France the management of the entire French air transport network.Air France appointed its first in 1946. The same year the airline opened its first air terminal at in central Paris. It was linked to, Air France's first operations and engineering base, by coach. At that time the network covered 160,000 km, claimed to be the longest in the world. Société Nationale Air France was set up on 1 January 1946.

European schedules were initially operated by a fleet of aircraft. On 1 July 1946, Air France started direct flights between Paris and New York via refuelling stops at and. -engine covered the route in just under 20 hours. In September 1947 Air France's network stretched east from New York, Fort de France and Buenos Aires to Shanghai.

By 1948 Air France operated 130 aircraft, one of the largest fleets in the world. Between 1947 and 1965 the airline operated on passenger and cargo services worldwide. In 1946 and 1948, respectively, the French government authorised the creation of two private airlines: – later – (TAI) and SATI. In 1949 the latter became part of (UAT), a private French international airline.

Compagnie Nationale Air France was created by on 16 June 1948. Initially, the government held 70%. In subsequent years the 's direct and indirect shareholdings reached almost 100%. In mid-2002 the state held 54%.

On 4 August 1948 was appointed the president. During his 13-year he would implement modernisation practices centred on the introduction of. In 1949 the company became a co-founder of, an airline telecommunications services company.

Jet age re-organisation[]

Passengers disembarking from a Sud-Est SE-161

In 1952 Air France moved its operations and engineering base to the new South terminal. By then the network covered 250,000 km.Air France entered the jet age in 1953 with the original, short-lived series 1, the world's first.

During the mid-1950s it also operated the turboprop, with twelve entering services between May 1953 and August 1954 on the European routes. On 26 September1953z the government instructed Air France to share long-distance routes with new private airlines. This was followed by the Ministry of Public Works and Transport's imposition of an on Air France,, and, under which some routes to Africa, Asia and the Pacific region were transferred to private carriers.

On 23 February 1960, the Ministry of Public Works and Transport transferred Air France's domestic monopoly to Air Inter. To compensate for the loss of its domestic network Air France was given a stake in Air Inter. The following day Air France was instructed to share African routes with and.

The airline started uninterrupted operations in 1960 with the and the ; jet airliners cut travel times in half and improved comfort.Air France later became an early operator and eventually had one of the world's largest 747 fleets.

Air France Caravelle jetliner in 1977

On 1 February 1963 the government formalised division of routes between Air France and its rivals. Air France was to withdraw services to West Africa (except ), Central Africa (except and ), Southern Africa (including ), in North Africa, and in the Middle East, Sri Lanka (then known as ) in South Asia, Indonesia, and Singapore in Southeast Asia, Australia, as well as and. These routes were allocated to the new (UTA), a new private airline resulting from the merger of TAI and UAT. UTA also got exclusive rights between Japan, and, South Africa and island in the Indian Ocean, as well as Los Angeles and Tahiti.

From 1974, Air France began shifting the bulk of operations to the new Charles de Gaulle Airport north of Paris. By the early 1980s, only, Martinique,, most services to, Réunion, the region, Eastern Europe (except the ), Southern Europe (except and Italy), and one daily service to New York (JFK) remained at Orly. In 1974, Air France also became the world's first operator of the twin-engine plane, 's first commercial airliner for which it was a launch customer.

Concorde service and rivalry[]

On 21 January 1976, Air France operated its inaugural transport (SST) service on the Paris (Charles de Gaulle) to (via ) route with F-BVFA. Supersonic services from Paris (CDG) to began on 24 May 1976, also with F-BVFA. Service to (JFK) – the only remaining Concorde service until its end – commenced on 22 November 1977. Paris to New York was flown in 3 hours 23 minutes, at about twice the. Approval for flights to the United States was initially withheld due to noise protests. Eventually, services to via Washington, D.C. were started. Air France became one of only two airlines – being the other – to regularly operate supersonic services, and continued daily transatlantic Concorde service until late May 2003.

By 1983, Air France's, the workforce numbered more than 34,000, its fleet about 100 (including 33 ) and its 634,400 km network served 150 destinations in 73 countries. This made Air France the fourth-largest scheduled passenger airline in the world, as well as the second-largest scheduled freight carrier.Air France also codeshared with regional French airlines, being the most prominent. TAT would later operate several regional international routes on behalf of Air France. In 1983 Air France began passenger flights to, being the first European airline to do so.

In 1986 the government relaxed its policy of dividing traffic rights for scheduled services between Air France, Air Inter and UTA, without route overlaps between them. The decision opened some of Air France's most lucrative routes on which it had enjoyed a government-sanctioned monopoly since 1963 and which were within its exclusive sphere of influence, to rival airlines, notably UTA. The changes enabled UTA to launch scheduled services to new destinations within Air France's sphere, in competition with that airline.

Air France operated 33 by 1983. Here, a 747-100 is seen at in 1978.

Paris-San Francisco became the first route UTA served in competition with Air France non-stop from Paris. Air France responded by extending some non-stop Paris-Los Angeles services to, Tahiti, which competed with UTA on Los Angeles-Papeete. UTA's ability to secure traffic rights outside its traditional sphere in competition with Air France was the result of a campaign to the government to enable it to grow faster, becoming more dynamic and more. This infuriated Air France.

In 1987 Air France together with, and founded, an IT company (also known as a ) that would enable travel agencies to sell the founders and other airlines' products from a single system.

In 1988, Air France was a launch customer for the (FBW) A320 twin, along with Air Inter and. It became the first airline to take delivery of the in March 1988, and along with Air Inter became the first airlines to introduce Airbus A320 service on short-haul routes.

Acquisitions and privatisation[]

On 12 January 1990, the operations of government-owned Air France, semi-public Air Inter and wholly private (UTA) were merged into an enlarged Air France.Air France's acquisition of UTA and Air Inter was part of an early 1990s government plan to create a unified, with the and global reach to counter potential threats from the of the EU's internal air transport market.

On 25 July 1994, a new holding company, Groupe Air France, was set up by decree. Groupe Air France became operational on 1 September 1994. It acquired the Air France group's majority shareholdings in Air France and Air Inter (subsequently renamed Air Inter Europe). On 31 August 1994,, a former CEO, was apthe pointed adviser to the Air France group's chairman. Wolf was credited with the introduction of Air France's operation at Paris Charles de Gaulle. (Wolf resigned in 1996 to take over as CEO at.)

In 1997, Air France Europe was absorbed into Air France. On 19 February 1999, French Prime Minister 's government approved Air France's partial. Its were listed on the Paris on 22 February 1999. In June 1999, Air France and formed a bilateral. On 22 June 2000, this expanded into the global.

Air France-KLM merger[]

The merger of Air France and KLM occurred in 2004

On 30 September 2003, Air France and -based Royal Dutch Airlines announced the merger of the two airlines, the new company to be known as Air France-KLM. The merger became reality on 5 May 2004. At that point former Air France shareholders owned 81% of the new firm (44% owned by the French state, 37% by private shareholders), former KLM shareholders the rest. The decision of the government to reduce the French state's shareholding in the former Air France group from 54.4% to 44% of the newly created Air France-KLM Group effectively privatised the new airline. In December 2004 the state sold 18.4% of its equity in Air France-KLM. The state's shareholding in Air France-KLM subsequently fell to just under 20%.

Air France-KLM became the largest airline in the world in terms of operating, and third-largest (largest in Europe) in passenger kilometres. Although owned by a single company, Air France and KLM continued to fly under their own. Air France-KLM remained part of the SkyTeam alliance, which then included,,,,,,,,,,, and. As of March 2004, Air France employed 71,654 people. As of March 2007, the airline employed 102,422 personnel.

Open Skies venture[]

On 17 October 2007, the creation of a profit and revenue-sharing transatlantic joint venture between Air France-KLM and Delta Air Lines was announced during a press conference at Air France-KLM's headquarters. The venture became effective on 29 March 2008. It aimed to exploit transatlantic opportunities to capture a major share of long-haul business traffic from, which opened to unrestricted competition on that day as a result of the "" between the EU and US. It was envisaged that Air France and would begin nine daily round trips between London-Heathrow and destinations in the USA, including a daily London (Heathrow) to Los Angeles service by Air France. Once the new Air France-Delta venture received, it was to be extended to the other two transatlantic SkyTeam partners, enabling all four partners to codeshare flights as well as to share revenue and profit. The new transatlantic joint venture marks the Air France-KLM Group's second major expansion in the London market, following the launch of -operated short-haul services from that have been aimed at business travellers in the 's industry. However, the daily London (Heathrow) to Los Angeles service was not as successful as hoped, and was discontinued in November 2008.

2010s[]

On 12 January 2012, Air France-KLM announced their three-year transformation plan, called Transform 2015, to restore profitability. This plan works by restoring competitiveness through cost-cutting, restructuring the short- and medium-haul operations and rapidly reducing debt. The main objective of this plan was to turn Air France-KLM back into a world player by 2015. Air France had been losing 700 million euros a year. As the financial results of 2011 demonstrated, the long-haul operations, also subject to increasing competition, would not be able to offset these losses. On 22 February 2012, Air France released their plan for summer schedule. Because of the uncertain economic environment, Air France-KLM set a limit of 1.4% maximum increase in capacity from 25 March 2012 – 28 October 2012.

On 21 June 2012, Air France-KLM had announced its decision to cut just under 10% of the total 53,000 workforce (about 5,000 jobs) by the end of 2013 in an attempt to restore profitability. The airline expected to lose 1,700 jobs through natural turnover and the rest by voluntary redundancies. As of August 2012, the Transform 2015 plan was accepted by ground staff and pilot unions but rejected by cabin crew unions.

At the beginning of July 2012, it was announced that Air France-KLM found partners for the new African start-up airline, which was co-founded by six countries in Central Africa to replace the former. But several problems and two partners, who decided to back out, delayed the implementation of the project. Following its launch, Air Cemac announced it would commence operations in 2013.

In September 2013, Air France introduced a brand new Economy product along with an improved Premium Economy seat and service. It is expected that the new improvements would be fitted on aircraft from June 2014 onwards. In October 2013, Air France-KLM announced they were writing off the 25% stake in Alitalia, as it was hesitant the struggling carrier would obtain the 300 million euros in financing. The group has denied Alitalia of additional funds as it is currently struggling to restructure itself to profitability with the Transform 2015 plan.

In December 2013, Air France announced that Cityjet no longer meets the short haul needs of the group and is in the process of closing a deal with German firm Intro Aviation by the end of Q1 of 2014.

In 2014, the airline was targeted by a negative publicity campaign, spearheaded by, for being the only major airline that permits the transport of primates for research.

On 4 February 2014, the new business product was unveiled, featuring a fully flat bed from Zodiac Aerospace. The seat will be fitted on Boeing 777 aircraft from June 2014 onwards. In September 2014, Air France announced it would sell a 3 percent stake in travel technology company for 8 million.

Late in 2015, Air France faced a financial crisis, which was exacerbated by a pilot's strike against the airline. The airline answered the strike by announcing it would cut some 2,900 jobs. In December 2015, Air France announced to retire their last with a special scenic flight on 14 January 2016. The airline operated the 747 in several variants since 1970.

In January 2017, Air France received its first Boeing 787-9.

In November 2017, CityJet no longer operated on Air France flights and the affected destinations were served by Air France and HOP! from then on.

In July 2017, Air France-KLM entered into a multi-airline strategic partnership with, and, solidifying the existing ties between the carriers. Under the agreement Delta and China Eastern are each buying 10% of Air France-KLM while Air France-KLM will buy 31% of Virgin Atlantic.

Air France announced to seize their services in Iran from September 2018, explaining the concern that the route to Iran is not commercially viable anymore due to the redefined US sanctions.

Corporate affairs and identity[]

Head office[]

Air France's head office is located in the Roissypôle complex on the grounds of and in the commune of, Seine-Saint-Denis, near the city of Paris. of described the facility as "a huge white box that squats near the runways at Charles de Gaulle Airport."

The 130,000 square metres (1,400,000 sq ft) complex was completed in December 1995. The French firm Groupement d'Etudes et de Méthodes d'Ordonnancement (GEMO) managed the project. The architect was and the design consultants were Sechaud-Boyssut and Trouvin. The project cost 137,000,000 euros (less than 700 million ). The runways of the airport are visible from the building. The Air France Operations Control Centre (OCC, French: Centre de Contrôle des Opérations, CCO), which coordinates Air France flights worldwide, is situated at the AF head office.

Former head office, Square Max Hymans

For about 30 years prior to December 1995, Air France's headquarters were located in a tower adjacent to the rail station in the area and the. By 1991 two bids for the purchase of the Square Max Hymans building had been made. By 1992 the complex was sold to  [] (MGEN) for 1.6 billion. By that year Air France had planned to move its head office to Roissypôle, taking 50,000 square metres (540,000 sq ft) of space inside the hotel, office, and shopping complex on the grounds of Charles de Gaulle Airport. After Air France moved to Tremblay-en-France, the ownership of the former head office complex was transferred.

On a previous occasion the head office was at 2 rue marbeuf in the.

Foreign offices[]

Air France's United States offices are in the building in, New York City.Air France first signed a lease to occupy the building in 1991. The site also formerly housed the New York City city ticket office for Air France.

Air France-KLM's head office for the United Kingdom and Ireland operations, which includes facilities for Air France and, is located in Plesman House in Hatton Cross. The facility's inauguration was on 6 July 2006. Air France moved the office from to Hatton.

Crew base[]

Air France Cité PN, located at Charles de Gaulle Airport, acts as the airline's crew base. The building, developed by, opened in February 2006. The first phase consisted of 33,400 square metres (360,000 sq ft) of space and 4,300 parking spaces. The building is connected to the Air France head office.

Vaccination centre[]

Air France operates the Air France Vaccinations Centre in the 7th arrondissement of Paris. The centre distributes vaccines for international travel. Since 2001 the centre was the only French vaccination centre certified (ISO) 9001. In 2005 the centre moved from the to its current location.

Aérogare des Invalides, 7th arrondissement, Paris

Aérogare des Invalides[]

The Aérogare des Invalides in the 7th arrondissement of Paris houses the Agence Air France Invalides and the Air France Museum. Until 2005 the building hosted the Air France Vaccinations Centre. On 28 August 1959 Air France opened a ticket and information agency in the former air terminal in Invalides, targeting transit passengers and customers from offices and companies in the Invalides area.

Subsidiaries and franchises[]

Air France regional jet operated by, now

The subsidiaries of Air France include:

Air France and Dutch affiliate formed, a low-cost joint venture in May 2007, based at Orly Airport., and all operate flights on behalf of Air France, either as subsidiaries or as franchisees.

Air France Asie and Air France Cargo Asie[]

Air France Cargo Asie Boeing 747-200F

Owing to the of, Air France could not operate flights to the island under its own name. In 1993, its subsidiary,, began operating flights between Paris and via Hong Kong, but after Air Charter ceased operations in 1998, a subsidiary called Air France Asie was established. The airline was one of a number of airline subsidiaries flying under the "Asia" name with the purpose of flying to Taiwan, which included (a subsidiary),,,, and (a subsidiary).

The livery of Air France Asie differed from that of Air France by having blue and white stripes on the tailfin, rather than blue, white and red ones, representing the. Air France Asie used two Airbus A340-200 aircraft, F-GLZD and F-GLZE, and two Boeing 747-428Ms, F-GISA and F-GISC. Similarly, Air France Cargo Asie used a 747-200 Combi (for passengers and freight), F-GCBH) or the all-cargo (F-GCBL, F-GPAN and F-GBOX). Air France Asie ceased operations in 2004 while Air France Cargo Asie ceased operations in 2007.

Outsourcing[]

In 2010 Air France migrated from an internally managed (Alpha3) that manages reservation, inventory and pricing to an external system (Altéa) managed by. In rail ventures, Air France and are looking into jointly operating services in Europe. Routes have become available to operators in accordance with European rail liberalisation on 1 January 2010.

Livery[]

Air France in the new livery landing at Montreal-Trudeau.

Air France's present livery is a "Eurowhite" scheme, comprising a white fuselage with the blue Air France title and design. The tail is white with a series of parallel red and blue lines across the it at an angle, and a small European flag at the top. This livery has been in use since the late 1970s. Prior to the "Eurowhite" livery, Air France aircraft had a bare-metal underside, extending up to a blue cheat-line that ran across the cabin windows. Above the cheat-line the fuselage was again white, with Air France titles and a French flag. The tail was white with two thick blue lines, which tapered from the rear of the tail and met at point towards the front bottom. This basic livery, with minor variations, would appear on all post-war Air France aircraft until the late 1970s.

On January 2009, to coincide with Air France's new logo, a new livery was unveiled.Air France rolled out their new livery on 11 February 2009. The 2009 livery saw the tail slightly changed; there are now 3 blue bars running down instead of 4 previously. The bars also now curve at the bottom, reflecting the design of the logo.

Marketing[]

The new official song played before and after Air France flights (during boarding and after landing) is 'The World Can Be Yours' by. Air France has used different popular music groups for its marketing and on-board ambience, ranging from in 1999 to in 2010.

Air France launched a new ad campaign in 2015 designed by and directed by We Are From LA, focusing on French culture. Along with the ad campaign and print ads, Air France also introduced a similarly themed safety video. The music is a customised version of 's song Warm in the Winter.

Uniforms[]

Air France uniforms denote the ranks for the flight attendants. Two silver sleeve stripes denote a Chief Purser. One silver sleeve stripe denote a Purser. Flight attendants do not have any sleeve stripes. The female cabin crew uniforms feature the stripes on the breast pocket rather than the sleeve for their male counterparts. Air France's current uniforms were created by French fashion designer.

Branding[]

Upon its formation, Air France adopted the logo of its predecessor Air Orient, known as the hippocampe ailé (sometimes derisively called "la crevette" – or shrimp – by its employees), as its insignia. Prior to the Air France-KLM merger, the hippocampe ailé was used on the nose section of aircraft next to the Groupe Air France title; after the merger, the Air France-KLM logo was substituted at the nose area, and the hippocampe ailé was relocated to engine nacelles. The acronym "AF" has also featured prominently on the airline's flag and its signage. On 7 January 2009, Air France officially changed its logo to a red stripe.

Destinations[]

Air France destinations as of 2017

  Metropolitan France

  Destinations

  Seasonal

  Future

  Terminated

An Air France specially painted in livery to commemorate the airline's membership

Main article:

Air France is a full service global airline. As of 2011, it flies to 36 domestic destinations and 168 international destinations in 93 countries (including ) across 6 continents. This includes Air France Cargo services and destinations served by franchisees, and.

Most of Air France's international flights operate from Paris-Roissy. Air France also has a strong presence at Paris-Orly, Lyon-Saint-Exupéry, Marseilles Provence, Toulouse Blagnac, Nice Côte d'Azur and Bordeaux-Merignac airports.

Hub information[]

  • : Air France's intercontinental and biggest hub, with 335 daily departures. It is also a hub for Air France's subsidiary HOP!.
  • : Air France's second biggest hub serving 40 destinations around the world, it is also a hub for Air France's subsidiary HOP!. Long-haul flights are mainly operated to destinations in French overseas departments.
  • : Air France's third biggest hub serving 37 destinations in France and Europe, also a hub for Air France's subsidiary HOP!.
  • : This is Air France's newest hub as part of its offensive in the French regions. It serves 30 destinations in France, Europe and Africa.
  • : Air France flies to four destinations from Nice.
  • : Air France flies to 14 destinations from Toulouse.

Codeshare agreements[]

Air France with the following airlines:

Current fleet[]

As of November 2018, the Air France fleet consists of the following aircraft:

Air France Passenger Fleet Aircraft In Service Orders Passengers Notes F J W Y Total 18 — — — — 131 131 Largest operator 34 — — — — 142 142 143 143 36 — — 14 — 144 168 F-GKXS and F-HEPI in livery — 174 174 178 178 5 — — — — 212 212 Former fleet 10 — — — — 200 200 F-GTAE in SkyTeam livery 212 212 15 — — 40 21 147 208 F-GZCP crashed as Air France Flight 447 2 — — 30 21 224 275 All to be retired by 2020
To be replaced by Boeing 787-9. — 21 — 34 24 266 324 Entering service in 2019 10 — 9 80 38 389 516 To be refurbished with renewed cabins starting in 2020. 27 — — 40 24 216 280 28 260 312 43 — 4 58 28 206 296 Launch customers
F-GZNE, F-GZNN and F-GZNT in SkyTeam livery. — 42 24 315 381 14 32 422 468 6 11 — 30 21 225 276 Deliveries through 2024 Air France Cargo Fleet 2 — Cargo Launch customer Total 212 32

Orders[]

  • On 16 September 2011, Air France-KLM announced their order of 50 Airbus A350 and Boeing 787s with 60 options to operate 43 Airbus A350-900 and 30 Boeing 787-9 through 2024 : Air France will receive its first A350 in 2018 and later, both airlines will operate both types of aircraft. The first Boeing 787-9 entered into service with KLM in 2015 and will also enter service with Air France in early 2017.

Airbus A380[]

Air France signed as a launch customer for the Airbus "superjumbo" in 2001.Air France had ordered 12 Airbus A380-800 aircraft, with options on a further two. Air France was the first airline in Europe to be operating the A380 with Lufthansa following in June 2010. The first A380 was delivered on 30 October 2009, and the Paris to New York route was used as the first route. All of Air France's Airbus A380s depart from their international hub at in Terminal 2E (Main Terminal, Satellites 3 and 4). Air France will keep its 10 Airbus A380 and plans to renew their cabins from 2020 onwards, with densification up to 70 seats.

Widebody fleet[]

has a commitment for 37, 25 directly and 12 through : 16 for Air France and 21 for KLM. Air France plans to take delivery of five 787-9s in 2017 and two in 2018 to replace some -300s, subsequent A340s would be replaced by from 2019, has 28 A350s on firm order.

Narrowbody fleet[]

Air France has to decide in 2018 how its fleet should be replaced: it operates 117 aircraft including 41 A320s and 18 A318s. KLM operates a younger fleet of that doesn't need replacement soon.

Fleet history[]

Before its current fleet, Air France has operated the following aircraft types:

Air France also briefly operated and jet aircraft.

Concorde[]

Aerial view of Air France Concorde F-BVFA at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Virginia

The five Air France Concordes were retired on 31 May 2003, as a result of insufficient demand following the, at Gonesse (near Charles de Gaulle Airport), as well as higher fuel and maintenance costs. British Airways flew its last Concorde service on 24 October 2003. Concorde F-BVFA was transferred to the at. F-BVFB was given to the in Germany, F-BTSD to the at Le Bourget Airport in Paris, while F-BVFC returned to its place of manufacture in, at the Airbus factory. F-BVFF is the only example to remain at Charles de Gaulle Airport.

Boeing 747[]

Air France Boeing 747-400

The airline started operating the 747 on 3 June 1970, when a 747-100 was put into service that was delivered 20 March that year. It would go on to operate the -200, -300 and -400 variants. On 11 and 14 January 2016, Air France finally retired its last Boeing 747-400. They were replaced by A380s and 777-300ERs. Freighter versions were replaced by Boeing 777Fs.

La Première seats on a Boeing 777

Air France offers a mix of three and four cabin configurations for international long haul routes, featuring La Première (select aircraft), Business, Premium Economy and Economy. Personal screens with audio video on demand is available in all cabins on all long-haul aircraft. European short-haul and medium-haul flights feature a three cabin configuration with Business, Premium Economy, and Economy.

La Première[]

La Première, Air France's long-haul product, is available on the Airbus A380-800 and selected aircraft. The Première cabin features wood and leather seats which recline 180°, forming two- long beds. Each seat features a 10.4" touchscreen personal screen with interactive gaming and audio video on demand, a privacy divider, automassage feature, reading light, storage drawer, noise-cancelling headphones, personal telephone, and laptop power ports. Each passenger is also provided with a personalised coat service, pure merino wool blanket, a "boudoir-style" cushion, and a travel kit featuring Biologique Recherche facial and body care products to moisturize and refresh the skin. includes a mattress, a duvet, hypoallergenic feather pillow, sleepwear, a dust bag for shoes, and a pair of slippers on-demand meal services feature entrées created by Chef Guy Martin. Private lounge access is offered worldwide featuring a chauffeured car to the aircraft. La Première is not available on the Airbus A330-200, Airbus A340-300, Boeing 777-200ER and selected Boeing 777-300ER aircraft where Business is the highest cabin class. Four-class 777-200ER and 777-300ER configurations are equipped with four and eight La Première seats respectively, while the Airbus A380 feature 9 La Première seats.

Business[]

Business, Air France's long-haul product, is available on all long haul aircraft. Business features angled lie-flat seats which recline to two metres in length. Each seat includes a 10.4" touchscreen TV monitor with interactive gaming and AVOD, reading light, personal telephone, and laptop power ports. Meal service features three-course meals and a cheese service, or an express menu served shortly after takeoff.

Air France has released a brand new business class product, the seat is a Zodiac Aerospace Cirrus and is designed by Mark Collins of Design Investment, specialized in the world of high-end transportation and by the design and branding agency, Brandimage. The new seat would be installed on the Boeing 777 aircraft from June 2014 until summer 2016, all other aircraft types would then be retrofitted. A total of 2,102 seats would be installed. The new cabin features a 1-2-1 layout as opposed to the 2-3-2 layout found currently on the 777. The new 16-inch (41 cm) screen offers a unique onboard navigation experience similar to a tablet. With a completely redesigned user interface and available in 12 languages (French, English,Spanish, Brazilian Portuguese, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, German, Italian, Dutch, Russian and Arabic), choosing an entertainment program from over 1,000 hours of entertainment. The seat converts into a fully flat bed with 180 degrees recline, it features a touchscreen remote control, USB port, universal electrical outlet, new noise cancelling headphones, privacy screen, an Air France signature padded headboard, ample storage space, adjustable headrest, and a duvet with XXL feather down pillow.

Premium Economy[]

Premium Economy, is Air France's product for long haul flights, air france a330 photos which became available on the Boeing 777-200ER, 777-300ER, Airbus A340-300 and Airbus A330-200 in late 2009 and early 2010, and on the A380-800 in late 2010 and early 2011. It is a dedicated cabin section with a (2-3-2 on the long haul Airbus fleet and 3-3-3 for Alize on the 777-300 serving Indian Ocean and Caribbean routes) configuration with 38″ pitch (36″ for long haul Alize seats), 123° reclining fixed shell seats, including an adjustable headrest, a 10.4″ touchscreen, personal reading lamp, universal power ports, and an adjustable leg rest (40% more space, compared to Voyageur seats; the seats are 20% wider and offer 20% more legroom). There are 38 seats on the Airbus A380, 32 on the Boeing 777-300ER, 24 on the Boeing 777-200 and 21 on the Airbus A340-300 & A330-200 (between the Business and Economy cabin; behind Business on the A380 upper deck). Passengers receive double baggage allowance, priority airport services, lounge access (for a fee), and extra frequent flier mileage. On board, business class amenities include Sennheiser noise-cancelling headphones, an amenity kit (featuring socks, eye mask, toothbrush & toothpaste, and earplugs), improved blankets, and an enhanced meal service with second hot meal, candies, and ice-cream all served with real glass and metal cutlery. A new improved Premium Economy seat using the same shell will be introduced from June 2014 on the Boeing 777 aircraft, featuring better cushioning and improved foot rest, adding comfort to the passenger.

Economy[]

Economy cabin on an Airbus A380

Economy, Air France's long haul product, features seats that recline up to 118°. The current long-haul Economy seat, which debuted on the Boeing 777-300ER, includes winged headrests, a personal telephone, and a touchscreen TV monitor with AVOD Interactive Entertainment System which have been installed on all of Air France's long haul fleet. On long haul flights, a menu is presented with a choice of two meals. Short and medium haul Economy services are operated by Airbus A320 family aircraft with different seating arrangements. Air France is one of the few airlines who features winged headrests on short to medium haul aircraft in both classes. On short haul flights a snack is served, while on medium haul flights a three course cold meal is served. Free alcoholic beverages are available on all flights, including champagne. On most aircraft, Air France offers extra legroom seats in economy called Seat Plus. These seats are located in the economy class exit rows and other rows depending on the plane, as well as the economy seats on the 747's upper deck, offering at least 4" more seat pitch(36" versus the usual 32" in standard economy seats), the 747's Seat Plus section also provides an extra half-inch of seat width. Seat Plus prices vary by flight time, but it is free to elites and passengers with a full fare economy ticket.

Air France has introduced a brand new economy long haul product which features a new slimline seat providing up to an inch more legroom, wider table, universal electrical sockets, retractable armrests, winged leather headrests, more storage space, high definition 10-inch screens featuring the latest in flight entertainment with a USB port, a headphones holder, and newly designed pillows featuring different patterns of the Air France logo. The seats would be installed along with the new La Première, Business, and Premium Economy seats from June 2014 till summer 2016 on the Boeing 777 aircraft, the core of the fleet. All other aircraft will be retrofitted except the Airbus A340-300 and Boeing 747-400 as they would be leaving the fleet soon.

Services[]

In-flight catering[]

Gourmet appetizer and seasonal salad in Business

For La Première, Air France's first class menu is designed by Guy Martin, chef of Le Grand Vefour, a three-star restaurant in Paris. Menu items include, entrées, bread basket, and cheeses, along with a dessert cart including pastries,, and tartlets. On long-haul flights, Air France also serves complimentary champagne to passengers in all classes.

In-flight entertainment[]

Air France offers Audio Video on Demand (AVOD) in all cabins on all long haul aircraft. The in flight entertainment system features multiple channels of video, audio, music, and games. Air France Magazine, the airline's in-flight publication, is included at each seat, and Air France Madame, a fashion luxury magazine with a feminine perspective, is included in La Première and Business cabins and lounges. On all flights, all films may be watched in English, Spanish, and French. Selected films on all flights are also available in Chinese, Japanese, Hindi, and Korean. The airline offers language courses via the in-flight entertainment system.

On 29 May 2013, KLM and Air France launched a pilot to test inflight. Both airlines have equipped one -300ER of each of their fleets with Wi-Fi. Using the inflight Wi-Fi, passengers can stay online using their Wi-Fi enabled smartphones, laptops, or tablets. Wireless service will commence once the flight has reached 20,000 feet.

Le Salon[]

Air France Le Salon La Première

Air France lounges are known as Le Salon, and are open to La Première, Business, and Premium Economy passengers, as well as Flying Blue Gold, Flying Blue Platinum, SkyTeam Elite and Elite Plus members. Worldwide, there are 530 Air France and lounges in 300 international airports on every continent except Antarctica.

Flying Blue[]

Main article:

Flying Blue, the of Air France-KLM, awards members points based on miles travelled and class of service. Membership into the program is free. The program is divided into standard (Ivory), Elite (Silver) and Elite Plus (Gold and Platinum) statuses. Ivory is the basic level which is attained upon entry into the program. Elite status is attained by accruing a certain number of miles within one calendar year. Elite Silver, Elite Plus Gold, and Elite Plus Platinum cards have added benefits. An invitation-only card called Club 2000 is attributed to some VIPs, celebrities and politicians. Officially, it provides the same benefits as Platinum status but numerous sources confirm it almost guarantees upgrade to Business or La Première. Flying Blue succeeded Air France's previous frequent flyer program, Fréquence Plus, which operated until the Air France-KLM merger in 2003.

In popular culture[]

  • Air France is the official airline of the.
  • Air France "flight 273" is the plane that "Chat Noir" in " 1412" episode 18: Golden Eye (Part 2): Kid vs Chat Noir Showdown, uses to escape.

Anniversary jet[]

On 14 November 2008, Air France released the first picture of an Airbus A320 with registration F-GFKJ that has been repainted in the full 1946 paint scheme to celebrate the airline's 75 years anniversary. This was planned to fly under the special colours until early 2010. The aircraft was officially withdrawn from use and scrapped at in September 2013

Incidents and accidents[]

Main article:

See also[]

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Further reading[]

External links[]





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